农业遗产地种质资源保护制度完善研究
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作者单位:

1.中国石油大学(华东)文法学院;2.山东农业大学公共管理学院

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基金项目:

国家社会科学基金项目(21BFX143);中央高校基本科研经费资助项目(20CX06081A)


Research on improving the protection system of germplasm resources in agricultural heritage sites
Author:
Affiliation:

1.School of Grammar and Law, China University of Petroleum;2.School of Public Administration, Shandong Agricultural University

Fund Project:

National Social Science Foundation of China (21BFX143); the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (20CX06081A).

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    摘要:

    农业遗产地种质资源丰富,加强立法保护对维护生物多样性、保障粮食安全具有重要意义。本文采取法学与资源科学交叉的研究方法,通过实地调查与文献分析,探讨当前我国农业遗产地种质资源保护中的问题,在革新保护模式的基础上,探究保护制度的完善。研究表明,我国农业遗产地种质资源保护的规范主要依据相关资源环境类法律法规,种质资源保护以采取“保护单一对象的损害应对模式”为主。然而,在管理中存在保护对象要素化、保护责任单向化、保护权限碎片化、保护政策同质化等问题。基于整体主义生态观,借鉴当代生态环境治理经验,可以引入系统性保护的方法,将种质资源保护纳入农业系统生态保护全过程,建立保护整体系统的风险治理模式。在此基础上,制定《农业文化遗产保护法》。进而,细化农民主体参与激励、联席保护、名录保护、第三方协议保护等制度的运用。最终,通过法律制度的完善,为农业遗产地种质资源保护提供规范性依据。

    Abstract:

    Agricultural heritage sites are rich in germplasm resources and strengthening legislative protection is of great significance for maintaining biodiversity and ensuring grain security. This paper examined the current problems in the protection of germplasm resources of agricultural heritage sites in China and explored the improvement of protection system on the basis of the innovation of protection mode through the empirical and literature analysis. Results show that the norms for the protection of germplasm resources in China’s agricultural heritage sites are mainly based on relevant laws and regulations on resources and environment, and the protection of germplasm resources mainly adopts the “damage response mode of protecting a single object”. However, there are problems in the management of germplasm resources in agricultural heritage sites, such as the essentialization of protection objects, the unilateralization of protection responsibilities, the fragmentation of protection permissions, and the homogenization of protection policies. Based on the holistic ecological view and the contemporary experience of ecological environment management, this paper suggests applying a systematic protection method to incorporate the protection of germplasm resources into the whole process of agricultural system ecological protection, establishing a risk management model for the protection of the whole system, formulating the Agricultural Heritage Protection Law, and creating more participation incentives, joint protection methods, list protections, third party agreement protections, and other systems. Finally, improving the legal system can also provide a normative basis for the protection of agricultural heritage germplasm resources.

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引用本文

孙骥,孙金荣. 农业遗产地种质资源保护制度完善研究[J]. 农业现代化研究, 2024, 45(2): 188-196
SUN Ji, SUN Jin-rong. Research on improving the protection system of germplasm resources in agricultural heritage sites[J]. Research of Agricultural Modernization, 2024, 45(2): 188-196

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  • 收稿日期:2024-01-30
  • 最后修改日期:2024-03-26
  • 录用日期:2024-03-26
  • 在线发布日期: 2024-04-19
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