水权交易赋能农民增收的作用机理与推进路径
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湖南农业大学经济学院

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国家社会科学基金项目(22BJY178)


The mechanism and promotion path of water rights trading to empower farmers to increase their incomes
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College of Economics, Hunan Agricultural University,Changsha

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National Social Science Foundation of China (22BJY178).

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    摘要:

    水权交易是促进农民增收、缩小城乡差距的新路径,也是实现农民持续增收的长效机制。本文系统梳理了水权交易的历史演变历程,基于成本收益的视角,分析了水权交易赋能农民增收的作用机理,结合水权交易的现状特点剖析了赋能过程中的现实困境,探讨相应的推进路径。研究表明,水权交易制度在我国的演变历程经历了萌芽期、停滞期和探索期三个阶段。农民作为水权交易的重要参与者,在参与水权交易的过程中能通过影响其经营性收入、转移性收入和农业用水成本三个方面实现利润的增长。但是,水权交易赋能农民增收也面临着一些问题,集中表现在政府与市场“两只手”未协同发力、奖补政策尚未得到全面落实、水费计量模式整体粗放、水权交易应用推广不到位等。因此,水权交易赋能农民增收应进一步推进水权改革,激发水权市场活力,明确水权交易奖补标准与资金来源,完善农业水资源计量监测设施,因地制宜推广并创新水权交易形式。

    Abstract:

    Water rights trading is a new way to increase farmers’ incomes and to narrow the gap between urban and rural areas, and it is also a long-term mechanism to achieve continuous increase in farmers’ incomes. This paper systematically reviewed the historical evolution of water rights trading, summarized the current situation and characteristics of water rights trading, analyzed the mechanism of water rights trading to increase farmers’ income, examined the practical difficulties in the process of empowerment, and proposed corresponding promotion paths. Results show that the evolution of the water rights trading system in China has gone through three stages: germination, stagnation, and exploration. As important participants in water rights trading, farmers can achieve profit growth in the process of participating in water rights trading by affecting operating income, transferring income, and reducing agricultural water costs. However, there are also some problems in the empowerment of farmers to increase the income of water rights trading, which are mainly manifested in the lack of coordinated efforts of the “two hands”, the full implementation of the reward and subsidy policy, the overall extensive water fee measurement model, and the lack of application and promotion of water rights trading. To further promote water rights trading to empower farmers to increase their incomes, it is necessary to promote the reform of water rights, stimulate the vitality of the water rights markets, clarify the standards of rewards and subsidies for water rights trading and the sources of funds, improve the measurement and monitoring facilities of agricultural water resources, and promote and innovate the form of water rights trading according to local conditions.

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引用本文

黎红梅,易强. 水权交易赋能农民增收的作用机理与推进路径[J]. 农业现代化研究, 2024, 45(2): 177-187
LI Hong-mei, YI Qiang. The mechanism and promotion path of water rights trading to empower farmers to increase their incomes[J]. Research of Agricultural Modernization, 2024, 45(2): 177-187

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  • 收稿日期:2024-01-24
  • 最后修改日期:2024-03-29
  • 录用日期:2024-03-30
  • 在线发布日期: 2024-04-19
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