农旅融合与城乡收入差距 ——以全国休闲农业与乡村旅游示范县创建为例
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重庆工商大学成渝地区双城经济圈建设研究院

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国家社会科学基金项目(21BJY140)。


Agricultural tourism integration and urban-rural income gap : Taking the creation of national leisure agriculture and rural tourism demonstration counties as an example
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Research Center for Economy of Upper Reaches of the Yangtse River Chongqing Technology and Business University

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National Social Science Foundation of China (21BJY140).

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    摘要:

    统筹城乡融合发展是推进乡村振兴的重要抓手之一。本研究基于全国休闲农业与乡村旅游示范县的创建这一准自然实验,利用2006—2021年全国253个地级市的面板数据,采用渐进双重差分模型实证检验了农旅融合政策对城乡收入差距的影响,并运用中介效应模型与调节效应模型探讨了其内在机制及作用的区域异质性。研究结论表明:农旅融合政策显著促进地级市城乡收入差距的缩小,且在运用合成控制双重差分法(SDID)等对模型进行有效性检验和工具变量法处理内生性问题后结论依然稳健。机制分析显示,农旅融合政策通过完善交通基础设施建设和促进城乡人员流动来弥合城乡收入差距。进一步,通过调节效应模型发现,因地区间经济发展水平不同,农旅融合政策对城乡收入差距的缩小作用呈现出区域异质性。因此,为有效缩小城乡收入差距,建议持续发挥示范县的带动引领作用,明确非示范县“农业+旅游业”的整体定位和核心竞争力;加大对交通基础设施建设的财政性投入,推动城乡间人员的畅通流动;实施精准的差异化措施,更好发挥农旅融合对城乡收入差距的异质性效应,为推进农业现代化发展与乡村振兴提供新思路。

    Abstract:

    Coordinating the integrated development of urban and rural areas is a crucial strategy for advancing rural revitalization. This study examines the impact of the agricultural tourism integration policy on the urban-rural income gap, utilizing the quasi-natural experiment of the creation of national leisure agriculture and rural tourism demonstration counties. Employing panel data from 253 prefectural-level cities nationwide, spanning from 2006 to 2021, the asymptotic double-difference model is used to empirically analyze the effects. Additionally, the study explores the underlying mechanism and regional heterogeneity of the policy’s impact using mediating and moderating effect models. Findings demonstrate that the agricultural and tourism integration policy significantly reduces the urban-rural income gap in prefecture-level cities. Moreover, the conclusions remain robust after testing the model’s validity with the synthetic control double-difference method (SDID) and instrumental variables method to address endogeneity concerns. Mechanism analysis reveals that agritourism integration policy alleviates the urban-rural income gap by enhancing transportation infrastructure and facilitating urban-rural personnel mobility. Furthermore, the moderating effect model identifies regional heterogeneity in the reduction of the urban-rural income gap due to differing levels of economic development across regions. To effectively narrow this gap, recommendations include continued utilization of the leading role of demonstration counties, clarification of the overall positioning and core competitiveness of “agriculture + tourism” in non-demonstration counties, increased financial investment in transportation infrastructure construction to facilitate people flow between urban and rural areas, and implementation of precise and differentiated measures to fully harness the heterogeneous effects of agritourism integration on the urban-rural income gap. These efforts provide new perspectives for agricultural modernization and rural revitalization.

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引用本文

甘宇,王璐. 农旅融合与城乡收入差距 ——以全国休闲农业与乡村旅游示范县创建为例[J]. 农业现代化研究, 2024, 45(2): 257-269
Gan Yu, Wang Lu. Agricultural tourism integration and urban-rural income gap : Taking the creation of national leisure agriculture and rural tourism demonstration counties as an example[J]. Research of Agricultural Modernization, 2024, 45(2): 257-269

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  • 收稿日期:2024-01-05
  • 最后修改日期:2024-03-06
  • 录用日期:2024-03-08
  • 在线发布日期: 2024-04-19
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