互联网使用是否促进了农业生产分工深化——基于CFPS数据分析
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作者单位:

1.南开大学经济学院;2.四川华西金融控股股份有限公司

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基金项目:

天津市哲学社会科学研究规划项目(TJLJ22-002)


Does Internet use promote the labor division in agricultural production: An empirical analysis based on the CFPS data
Author:
Affiliation:

1.School of Economics, Nankai University;2.Sichuan Huaxi Financial Holding Co., LTD.

Fund Project:

Research Planning Project of Philosophy and Social Sciences in Tianjin (TJLJ22-002).

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    摘要:

    探究农户互联网使用对农业生产分工深化的影响,对促进小农户融入农业现代产业体系和推动农业现代化具有重要意义。基于交易成本理论视角,利用中国家庭追踪调查(CFPS)数据,采用OLS模型、内生转换模型和调节效应模型,分析农户互联网使用对农业生产分工深化的影响,探讨其影响机制和异质性。结果表明,使用互联网农户占整体样本的比例较低,仅为36.03%;使用互联网农户整体农业生产分工水平均值为0.584,高于未使用互联网农户的农业生产分工水平。互联网的使用显著促进了农户农业生产分工水平的深化。从调节效应机制来看,搜寻信息成本较高和降低合约成本能使互联网使用对农业生产分工深化的促进作用更为显著。从异质性来看,电脑接入互联网、老一代和东部地区的农户互联网使用对农业生产分工深化的促进作用更明显。因此,提出加强农村地区信息化基础设施建设、提升农村居民互联网应用能力、规范农业分工市场制度和优化农业农村交易市场环境等政策建议。

    Abstract:

    Exploring the impacts of farmers’ Internet use on the level of deepening agricultural labor division is of great significance for promoting the integration of small farms into the modern agricultural economic system and promoting the modernization of agriculture and rural areas. Based on the micro-farmer data of the CFPS in 2018, this research analyzed the impacts of farmers’ Internet use on the deepening labor division of agricultural production and explored the influencing mechanism and the heterogeneity of region, age, and Internet access by the OLS model, the endogenous switching regression model, and the moderating effect model. Results show that the proportion of farmers using Internet in the whole sample is relatively low, only 36.03%. The average level of the division of agricultural production of farmers using Internet is 0.584, which is higher than that of farmers without Internet use, indicating that Internet use significantly promotes the deepening labor division in agricultural production. From the perspective of the moderating effect mechanism, the high cost of searching information and reducing contract cost can make Internet use promote the deepening labor division of agricultural production more significantly. The influence of Internet use on the level of division of agricultural production is heterogeneous: for farmers who use computers to access Internet, the old generation and in the eastern region has a more obvious promoting effect on the deepening division of agricultural production. Based on the above results, this paper provides the following policy suggestions: strengthening the construction of information infrastructure in rural areas, improving the Internet application ability of rural residents, standardizing the agricultural division of labor market system and optimizing the agricultural and rural trading market environment.

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周欣雨,姚万军,蒲霄玥. 互联网使用是否促进了农业生产分工深化——基于CFPS数据分析[J]. 农业现代化研究, 2024, 45(1): 114-123
ZHOU Xin-yu, YAO Wan-jun, PU Xiao-yue. Does Internet use promote the labor division in agricultural production: An empirical analysis based on the CFPS data[J]. Research of Agricultural Modernization, 2024, 45(1): 114-123

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  • 收稿日期:2023-12-20
  • 最后修改日期:2024-02-01
  • 录用日期:2024-02-03
  • 在线发布日期: 2024-03-04
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