乡村数字化对农业发展韧性的影响及作用机制研究
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南京林业大学经济管理学院

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国家社会科学基金项目(21BGL167);江苏省高校“青蓝工程”中青年学术带头人项目(2023-27#)。


Research on the impact and mechanism of rural digitalization on the resilience of agricultural development
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Affiliation:

School of Economics and Management,Nanjing Forestry University

Fund Project:

National Social Science Foundation of China (21BGL167); Jiangsu Province’ Qing Lan Project (2023-27#).

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    摘要:

    增强农业发展韧性是我国农业系统应对内外部各种风险与挑战的重要举措。本研究基于2011—2020年中国31个省(区、市)的面板数据,运用熵值法测算分析各省市的农业发展韧性指数,并采用固定效应模型、中介效应模型和调节效应模型分析了乡村数字化水平对农业发展韧性的影响及其作用机制。结果表明:2011—2020年中国农业发展韧性水平整体上不断提升。乡村数字化水平的提高能够增强地区农业发展韧性,尤其在中西部地区、中低数字化水平地区和产粮大省,其增强作用更为显著。机制分析表明,农业规模化经营、数字金融发展、农业技术应用和市场信息利用是乡村数字化影响农业发展韧性的重要中介渠道,而地区人力资本水平正向调节乡村数字化对农业发展韧性的影响。基于此,本研究提出一系列补齐各地区农业发展短板、完善农村数字基础设施、激发农业生产要素活力和提供数字技术培训与支持等建议。

    Abstract:

    Enhancing the resilience of agricultural development is of paramount importance for China’s agricultural system in its endeavor to address a myriad of internal and external risks and challenges. This study leveraged panel data encompassing 31 Chinese provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities, spanning the years 2011 to 2020. Employing the entropy method, we calculated and analyzed the resilience index of agricultural development for each province. Moreover, we explored the impact and mechanisms of rural digitalization on agricultural development resilience through the application of fixed effect, mediating effect, and moderating effect models. The findings of this investigation illuminate a continuous and discernible improvement in China’s agricultural development throughout the years 2011 to 2020. The resilience of regional agricultural development can be enhanced through the improvement of rural digitalization levels, particularly in the central and western regions, regions with low and medium digitalization levels, and large grain-producing provinces. Mechanism analysis underscores that large-scale agricultural operations, digital financial development, the application of agricultural technology, and the utilization of market information serve as pivotal intermediary channels through which rural digitalization exerts its influence on agricultural development resilience. Additionally, regional human capital levels are observed to positively moderate the impact of rural digitalization on agricultural development resilience. Building upon these insights, this study puts forward a series of suggestions to make up for the shortcomings of agricultural development in various regions, improve rural digital infrastructure, stimulate the vitality of agricultural production factors, and provide digital technology training and support.

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引用本文

张晖,陆滨强,权天舒. 乡村数字化对农业发展韧性的影响及作用机制研究[J]. 农业现代化研究, 2024, 45(1): 124-136
ZHANG Hui, LU Bin-qiang, QUAN Tian-shu. Research on the impact and mechanism of rural digitalization on the resilience of agricultural development[J]. Research of Agricultural Modernization, 2024, 45(1): 124-136

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  • 收稿日期:2023-12-17
  • 最后修改日期:2024-01-29
  • 录用日期:2024-01-29
  • 在线发布日期: 2024-03-05
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