Rural Land Resource Utilization and Protection Research Center, Jiangxi Agricultural University
National Natural Science Foundation of China (72364017).
Standardized management is the fundamental goal of rural homestead system reform, and it is also the inherent demand to promote rural governance. Based on the research results of 4 national pilot counties of housing system reform and 17 pilot counties of standardized management in Jiangxi Province, this paper analyzed the problems existing in the standardized management of rural homestead, summarized local practical experience, and discussed the beneficial enlightenment to promote the standardized management of rural homestead by the systematic induction method. This research finds that the current standardized management of rural homestead faces some challenges, including an insufficient homestead management system, a clear lack of collective ownership, a poorly functioning collaborative management mechanism, and a lag in practical village planning and management. Jiangxi Province has carried out positive innovation practices and achieved remarkable results in four areas, including focusing on system construction and intensifying system supply, strengthening the construction of collective economic organizations and the mechanism for exercising collective ownership, exploring collaborative management modes to enhance the homestead management level, and scientifically compiling village planning to upgrade the layout of homestead construction. Combined with the innovation practice of Jiangxi Province, this paper summarized four implications: 1) accurately grasping the “pulse” of the homestead management system to improve it; 2) returning to the nature of “collective ownership” to ensure that “it can be recovered, divided, used well, and managed”; 3) building a collaborative management mechanism to ensure the implementation of the system; 4) improving village planning and forming a spatial pattern for the standardized management of homestead.