发展农村集体经济的政经分离探索及路径优化
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江西农业大学 经济管理学院

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国家社会科学基金项目(20BJL085);江西省赣鄱俊才高校领军人才计划项目(GXLJ-2023);江西省宣传思想文化领域高层次人才专项(23JXRC18);江西现代农业产业技术体系项目(JXARS-01);江西省高校人文社科基地项目(21JD079)。


Exploration of the separation of politics and economics and optimization of the path of developing the rural collective economic
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School of School of Economics and Management, Jiangxi Agricultural University

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National Social Science Foundation of China (20BJL085); Ganpo Juncai Leading Talent Training Program for Universities of Jiangxi (GXLJ-2023); Special Program for High-level Talents in the Field of Propaganda, Ideology and Culture of Jiangxi (23JXRC18); Jiangxi Modern Agricultural Industrial Technology System Project (JXARS-01); Jiangxi University Humanities and Social Sciences Base Program (21JD079).

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    摘要:

    发展壮大新型农村集体经济是促进乡村全面振兴、实现农业农村现代化和推进农民农村共同富裕的重要举措。本研究以地处欠发达地区的X市Y区作为案例,系统梳理农村集体经济的演进脉络,聚焦试点地区的“政经分离”实践探索及其运行逻辑并展开深入探讨,基于“制度-资源-技术”理论和自主治理理论,构建多元共治的分析框架,剖析“政经分离”实践的发生机制和富民兴村机理。研究结果表明,通过“政经分离”,乡村能够根据自身禀赋实现兼具明确治理制度边界、提高资源配置效率、促进多元主体协同共治等特征的农村集体经济市场化运作。这能够有效带动提升农村集体经济经营性收入,并逐步构建坚实的要素互动基础,加强多元治理主体的利益共识,推动农村集体经济实现高质量发展。但新型农村集体经济发展中仍存在发展基础较为薄弱、系统运行机制不顺、治理主体能力不强等共性问题。为此,本研究从优化顶层设计、创新体制机制、培育发展动能和强化要素支撑等方面给出路径优化策略。

    Abstract:

    The development and expansion of a new type of rural collective economy is an important measure to promote the comprehensive revitalization of the countryside, the modernization of agriculture and rural areas, and the common prosperity of farmers and rural areas. This study takes District Y of City X, which is located in an underdeveloped area, as a case study, systematically combs through the evolution of the rural collective economy, focuses on the exploration of the practice of "separation of politics and economy" in the pilot area and its operation logic and carries out an in-depth exploration of it, and builds an analytical framework of pluralistic co-governance based on the theories of "system-resource-technology" and autonomous governance, so as to analyze the mechanism of the occurrence of the practice of "separation of politics and economy" and the mechanisms for enriching and developing the villages. The results of this study show that through the "separation of politics and economics", villages are able to realize the market-oriented operation of the rural collective economy in accordance with their own endowments, which has the characteristics of clarifying the boundaries of the governance system, improving the efficiency of resource allocation, and promoting the collaborative governance of multiple subjects. This can effectively boost the operating income of the rural collective economy, gradually build a solid foundation for factor interaction, strengthen the consensus of the interests of multiple governance actors, and promote the realization of high-quality development of the rural collective economy. However, there are still common problems in the development of the new rural collective economy, such as a weak development foundation, an unsmooth system operation mechanism, and a weak capacity of the main body of governance. Therefore, this study gives path optimization strategies from optimizing the top-level design, innovating the institutional mechanism, cultivating the development momentum, and strengthening the support of factors.

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引用本文

郑瑞强,刘烨斌,张宜红,蔡波. 发展农村集体经济的政经分离探索及路径优化[J]. 农业现代化研究, 2024, 45(1): 33-42
ZHENG Rui-qiang, LIU Ye-bin, ZHANG Yi-hong, CAI Bo. Exploration of the separation of politics and economics and optimization of the path of developing the rural collective economic[J]. Research of Agricultural Modernization, 2024, 45(1): 33-42

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  • 收稿日期:2023-12-11
  • 最后修改日期:2024-02-19
  • 录用日期:2024-02-19
  • 在线发布日期: 2024-03-05
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