外出劳动力回流对农村收入不平等的影响
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华南农业大学经济管理学院

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国家社会科学基金重大项目(23&ZD112)


The impacts of returning migrant labors on rural income inequality
Author:
Affiliation:

College of Economic and Management, South China Agricultural University

Fund Project:

Major Project of National Social Science Foundation of China (23&ZD112).

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    摘要:

    充分释放劳动力回流的人才红利是实现农村家庭收入均衡增长的重要途径。基于相对剥夺理论,利用中国劳动力动态调查数据(CLDS),运用OLS模型,分析劳动力回流对农村收入不平等的影响,探讨人力资本和社会资本投资在劳动力回流影响农村收入不平等的作用机制。结果表明,劳动力回流比例为21.7%,相比于无劳动力回流的农村家庭,有劳动力回流的农村家庭收入增加0.362万元,农村收入不平等水平下降0.09个单位。可见,劳动力回流能够显著缓解农村收入不平等,且这一结论通过了多种稳健性检验。劳动力回流主要是通过增加家庭层面人力资本和社会资本的投资来缓解农村收入不平等。进一步分析发现,劳动力回流更有助于缓解工资性和财产性收入不平等,同时这种缓解作用在中低收入、务农型和务工型农村家庭中更为明显。因此,建议进一步加大鼓励人才回流政策宣传和资金支持力度,搭建综合服务平台开展培训,提升农户人力资本和社会资本。

    Abstract:

    Releasing the potential of returning labor force talent is a key method for achieving balanced growth in rural family incomes. Based on a data drawn from the China Labor-force Dynamic Survey (CLDS) and applying the theory of relative deprivation, this paper analyzed the impacts of labor force returning on rural income inequality by the OLS model and explored the affecting mechanisms through which investments in human and social capital this relationship. Results show that households with returning labor force members, comprising 21.7% of the sample, with an income increase of 3.62 thousand yuan and a reduction in income inequality by 0.09 units. The return of the labor force alleviates income inequality mainly by boosting investment in human and social capital at the household level. Further analysis reveals that this effect is more pronounced in reducing wage and property income inequality, especially in lower-income, farming, and working-type rural families. Therefore, to improve the human and social capital of rural households, this paper suggests enhancing the promotion and financial support for policies encouraging talent return and establishing comprehensive service platforms for training.

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历史
  • 收稿日期:2023-12-01
  • 最后修改日期:2024-01-14
  • 录用日期:2024-01-14
  • 在线发布日期: 2024-02-02
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