“诱导—自发”二分下农户休耕行为影响因素分析
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湖南农业大学公共管理与法学学院

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湖南省社会科学成果评审委员会重大项目(XSP2023ZDA008);中国社会科学院重大经济社会调查项目(GQDC2020017)


The analysis of factors influencing farmers’ fallowing behaviors under the ‘induced-spontaneous’ dichotomy
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College of Public Administration and Law, Hunan Agricultural University

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Major Project of Hunan Social Science Achievement Review Committee (XSP2023ZDA008); Major Economic and Social Investigation Project funded by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (GQDC2020017).

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    摘要:

    在新形势下,休耕是应对生态资源压力、保护耕地、推动现代农业发展的重要措施。本文基于行为经济学的视角,利用中国乡村振兴调查数据(CRRS),运用倾向得分匹配模型和二项Logistic回归法,分析农户休耕行为的主要影响因素,探讨不同生态环境区的异质性。结果表明,样本中有5.41%的农户参与了休耕,在参与休耕的农户中,47.93%为诱导型休耕,52.07%为自发型休耕。在诱导型休耕中,生态补贴对农户的休耕行为有显著的促进作用,在自发型休耕中,职业路径依赖和政策学习能力对农户的休耕行为有显著的抑制作用。在不同生态环境区域中,生态补贴对农户休耕行为的影响存在差异,其他因素也有较大的异质性。因此,为提高农户休耕率,要深化生态补贴制度改革,采取多样化的生态补贴方式;加强职业能力培训,降低农户对土地的依赖性;加强休耕政策教育,提升农户政策内容认知。

    Abstract:

    Fallowing is a crucial measure in relieving ecological resource pressure, safeguarding farmland, and propelling the advancement of modern agricultural practices. Based on a data from the China Rural Revitalization Survey (CRRS) and from the perspective of behavioral economics, this study analyzed the primary influencing factors of farmers’ fallowing behaviors and explored the heterogeneity across different ecological regions by the propensity score matching model and the binary Logistic regression model. Results reveal that 5.41% of farmers engaged in fallowing, with 47.93% being induced and 52.07% being spontaneous in their participation. Ecological subsidies significantly stimulated farmers’ fallowing behaviors in the induced category, while occupational path dependence and policy learning ability notably restrained farmers’ fallowing behavior in the spontaneous category. The impacts of ecological subsidies on farmers’ fallowing behavior varied across different ecological regions. While other factors exhibited significant heterogeneity. Therefore, to elevate the fallowing rate among farmers, this paper suggests: deepening the reform of the ecological subsidy system, adopting diversified ecological subsidy approaches, enhancing vocational training, reducing farmers’ reliance on land, and reinforcing education on fallowing policies to augment farmers’ awareness of policy.

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引用本文

吴昊昊,贺林波. “诱导—自发”二分下农户休耕行为影响因素分析[J]. 农业现代化研究, 2023, 44(6): 1014-1023
WU Hao-hao, HE Lin-bo. The analysis of factors influencing farmers’ fallowing behaviors under the ‘induced-spontaneous’ dichotomy[J]. Research of Agricultural Modernization, 2023, 44(6): 1014-1023

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  • 收稿日期:2023-11-15
  • 最后修改日期:2024-01-19
  • 录用日期:2024-01-19
  • 在线发布日期: 2024-01-30
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