财政扶持对村级集体经济组织公共服务供给的影响——以宁夏为例
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宁夏大学经济管理学院

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国家自然科学基金项目(72063027);宁夏哲学社会科学规划项目(22NBYJ02);宁夏大学民族学一流学科建设项目(NXYLXK2017A02)


The impacts of financial support on the public service supply of village level collective economic organizations: A case study of Ningxia
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College of Economics and Management, Ningxia University

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National Natural Science Foundation of China (72063027); Ningxia Philosophy and Social Science Planning Project(22NBYJ02); Achievements of the First-class Discipline Construction Program of Ethnology in Ningxia University (NXYLXK2017A02).

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    摘要:

    有效解决我国村级公共服务供给问题,明确村集体组织在公共服务供给中的重要地位,是实现乡村全面振兴的重要保障。本文以宁夏为例,利用村庄实地调研数据,运用倾向得分匹配方法,探讨财政扶持壮大村级集体经济政策对村级公共服务供给的影响和对不同村庄公共服务供给影响的异质性。结果表明,获得100万元和200万元财政扶持资金的村庄占比分别为45.5%和13.2%,其中获得200万元财政扶持资金村庄的村级公共服务供给能力提升最为明显。财政扶持政策能够有效促进村级公共服务的总供给和公共事业供给;在各项公共服务供给中,财政扶持政策对于生活垃圾处理设施、文化活动场所、困难老人养老金和办公经费的促进作用更强。异质性分析表明,财政扶持政策的作用效果在近郊村和大型村更为突出,并且扶持力度越大、作用时间越长,政策效果越明显。因此,建议充分发挥财政政策对于村级集体经济的扶持作用,并采取因地制宜、因村制宜的政策实施方案,持续发挥村级集体经济组织在村级公共服务供给中的核心作用,以提升村庄的公共服务供给能力。

    Abstract:

    Effectively solving the problem of village level public service supply in China and clarifying the important position of village collective organizations in public service supply are important guarantee for achieving comprehensive rural revitalization. Based on an onsite survey data in Ningxia and applying the propensity score matching method, this paper examined the impacts of the fiscal support to strengthen village level collective economy policies on village level public service supply and analyzed the heterogeneity of the impacts on different village level public service supply. Results show that the proportions of villages receiving 1 million yuan and 2 million yuan of financial support funds are 45.5% and 13.2%, respectively. Among them, villages receiving 2 million yuan of financial support funds have the most significant improvement in their village level public service supply capacity. Financial support policies can effectively promote the overall supply of village level public services and the supply of public utilities. In the supply of various public services, fiscal support policies have a stronger promoting effect on household waste treatment facilities, cultural activity venues, pension for the elderly in need, and office expenses. Heterogeneity analysis shows that the effect of fiscal support policies is more prominent in suburban and large villages, and the greater the support and the longer the effective period, the more obvious the policy effect. Therefore, to enhance the public service supply capacity of villages, this paper suggests: fully leveraging the supportive role of fiscal policies for village level collective economy, adopting policy implementation plans tailored to local conditions and villages, and continuously playing the core role of village level collective economic organizations in the supply of public services at the village level.

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罗媛月,张会萍,冷泽源. 财政扶持对村级集体经济组织公共服务供给的影响——以宁夏为例[J]. 农业现代化研究, 2023, 44(6): 1024-1035
LUO Yuan-yue, ZHANG Hui-ping, LENG Ze-yuan. The impacts of financial support on the public service supply of village level collective economic organizations: A case study of Ningxia[J]. Research of Agricultural Modernization, 2023, 44(6): 1024-1035

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  • 收稿日期:2023-09-27
  • 最后修改日期:2024-01-05
  • 录用日期:2024-01-05
  • 在线发布日期: 2024-01-27
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