农村产权流转交易市场:总体特征、运营困境与纾解策略
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河南农业大学经济与管理学院

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国家社会科学基金项目(22BJY179);教育部人文社科基金项目(19YJA790121);国家自然科学基金青年项目(72103054)


Rural property right transfer market: Overall characteristics, operational difficulties, and relief strategies
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College of Economics and Management, Henan Agricultural University

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National Social Science Foundation of China (22BJY179); Foundation for the Development of Humanities and Social Sciences of Ministry of Education of China (19YJA790121); National Natural Science Foundation for Young Scientists of China (72103054).

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    摘要:

    促进农村产权流转交易市场发展对畅通城乡要素流动、激活农村资源要素潜能、更好发挥市场在资源配置中的决定性作用具有重要意义。本研究基于6个农村产权流转交易市场案例,利用各市场交易数据、相关政策文本等资料,分析现阶段农村产权市场的总体特征,探讨其面临的运营困境。研究表明,农村产权流转交易市场建设形式各异,在业务范围、资金保障、交易内容、收费模式等方面呈现出显著差异。农村产权流转交易双方的规模化趋势显著,其中,供给方以经过整合的交易主体为主,需求方以规模经营主体为主。农村产权流转交易市场省级层面的整合趋势愈发明显,表现为市场建设的区域性整合和产权交易体系的数字化整合。但也还存在产权流转交易受阻,部分市场运营难以为继,市场职能发挥不充分,产权流转交易规范性较差等问题。为此,提出完善农村产权制度、提升市场建设软硬件水平、立足县域服务职能、完善市场监督机制等纾解策略。

    Abstract:

    Rural property right transfer market is of great significance for facilitating the flows of production factors between urban and rural areas, activating the potential of rural resource factors, and fully leveraging the decisive role of the market forces in resource allocation. Based on the market transaction data from six rural property right transfer markets, this paper analyzed the overall characteristics of the current rural property right transfer market and explored the operational difficulties it faces. Results show that the construction forms of rural property right transfer market are different, and present significant differences in business scope, fund guarantee, transaction content, and charging mode. The large-scale trend of both sides of the rural property right transfer transaction is significant, in which the supplier is dominated by the integrated transaction subject, and the demand side is dominated by the large-scale management subject. The integration trend of rural property right transfer market at the provincial level is more and more obvious, which is manifested as the regional integration of market construction and the digital integration of property right transaction system. However, there also exist some problems, transactions of property right transfer being blocked, partial market operations being difficult to sustain, the market function being inadequate, and the property right transfer transaction standardization being poor. Therefore, this paper recommends the following mitigation strategies: enhancing the rural property right system, improving the level of market construction software and hardware, focusing on county-level service functions, and perfecting the market supervision mechanism.

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赵翠萍,何燊炜,武朝夕,王瑾瑜. 农村产权流转交易市场:总体特征、运营困境与纾解策略[J]. 农业现代化研究, 2024, 45(1): 43-51
ZHAO Cui-ping, HE Shen-wei, WU Zhao-xi, WANG Jin-yu. Rural property right transfer market: Overall characteristics, operational difficulties, and relief strategies[J]. Research of Agricultural Modernization, 2024, 45(1): 43-51

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  • 收稿日期:2023-09-14
  • 最后修改日期:2024-01-31
  • 录用日期:2024-02-02
  • 在线发布日期: 2024-03-04
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