我国农业绿色补贴的环境效应、效果评价与政策优化
作者:
作者单位:

1.湖南农业大学经济学院;2.湖南中医药大学人文与管理学院

作者简介:

通讯作者:

中图分类号:

基金项目:

国家社会科学基金项目(21BKS026);2022年度湖南省社会科学成果评审委员会课题(XSP22YBZ179)


Environmental impacts, effect evaluation, and policy optimization of China’s agricultural green subsidies
Author:
Affiliation:

1.Economic College, Hunan Agricultural University;2.School of Humanities and Management, Hunan University of Chinese Medicine

Fund Project:

National Social Science Foundation of China (21BKS026); Hunan Provincial Social Science Achievements Review Committee’s Topic (XSP22YBZ179).

  • 摘要
  • |
  • 图/表
  • |
  • 访问统计
  • |
  • 参考文献
  • |
  • 相似文献
  • |
  • 引证文献
  • |
  • 资源附件
  • |
  • 文章评论
    摘要:

    建成以绿色生态为导向、促进农业资源合理利用与生态环境保护的农业补贴政策体系和激励约束机制,是我国农业补贴制度改革的主要方向之一。本文基于国内现有补贴政策,分析我国农业补贴与农业绿色补贴的环境效应差异,探讨当前我国农业绿色补贴政策的改革成效和存在问题。研究表明,理论上,农业补贴的技术效应有利于改善生态环境,农业补贴的规模效应、结构效应、技术性效应等会加剧农业环境污染,但农业绿色补贴无论是直接效应还是间接效应都有利于生态环境改善。实践中,随着我国的农业绿色补贴制度改革力度不断加大,围绕保障粮食等主要农产品供给安全、农民稳定增收和农业生态环境保护等具体目标或基本达成或初显成效,但是仍存在农业绿色补贴的绩效不高、农业绿色补贴政策统筹不够、农业绿色补贴执行难度大等问题。因此,从深化农业绿色补贴制度改革提升补贴的激励效果、统筹制定农业绿色补贴政策发挥补贴示范引领作用、科学制定补贴申请核查机制同时夯实基层农经工作队伍等三个方面提出政策建议,以推进我国农业生产绿色低碳转型。

    Abstract:

    Building an agricultural subsidy policy system and an incentive and restraint mechanism that are oriented towards green ecology and promote the rational use of agricultural resources is one of the main directions of the reform of China’s agricultural subsidy system. This paper analyzed the difference of environmental impact between agricultural subsidy and agricultural green subsidy and examined the reform effect and existing problems of the current agricultural green subsidy policy in China. Results show that, theoretically, the technical effect of agricultural subsidies is conducive to improving the ecological environment, and the scale effect, structural effect and the technical effect of agricultural subsidies aggravate agricultural environmental pollution, but the direct and indirect effects of agricultural green subsidies are conducive to the improvement of the ecological environment. In practice, as the reform of China’s agricultural green subsidy system continues, specific goals, including ensuring the supply security of major agricultural products such as grain, stabilizing the increase of farmers’ income, and enhancing agricultural ecological environment protection, have been basically achieved or initial results have been achieved. However, there are still some existing problems, including low performance of agricultural green subsidies, insufficient overall planning of agricultural green subsidy policies, and difficult implementation of agricultural green subsidies. Therefore, to promote the green and low-carbon transformation of agricultural production in China, this paper suggests: deepening the reform of the agricultural green subsidy system to enhance the incentive effect of subsidies, formulating a comprehensive agricultural green subsidy policy mechanism and letting it to play a leading role in subsidy demonstration, and perfecting the subsidy application verification and checking mechanism while consolidating the grassroot agricultural economics professional team.

    参考文献
    相似文献
    引证文献
引用本文

蔡保忠,王秀秀,史芳,曾福生. 我国农业绿色补贴的环境效应、效果评价与政策优化[J]. 农业现代化研究, 2023, 44(4): 567-574
CAI Bao-zhong, WANG Xiu-xiu, SHI Fang, ZENG Fu-sheng. Environmental impacts, effect evaluation, and policy optimization of China’s agricultural green subsidies[J]. Research of Agricultural Modernization, 2023, 44(4): 567-574

复制
分享
文章指标
  • 点击次数:
  • 下载次数:
  • HTML阅读次数:
  • 引用次数:
历史
  • 收稿日期:2023-02-02
  • 最后修改日期:2023-07-29
  • 录用日期:2023-07-30
  • 在线发布日期: 2023-09-19
  • 出版日期:
您是第位访问者
版权所有:《农业现代化研究》编辑部
地址:湖南省长沙市芙蓉区远大二路644号
电话:0731-84615231    E-mail:nyxdhyj@isa.ac.cn
技术支持:北京勤云科技发展有限公司