黄河流域农业现代化水平时空演化及障碍因素解析
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河南财经政法大学工程管理与房地产学院

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河南省软科学研究计划项目(222400410110);国家社会科学基金项目(21BJY186)


The analysis of the spatiotemporal evolution and the constraint factors of the agricultural modernization level in the Yellow River Basin
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College of Engineering Management and Real Estate, Henan University of Economics and Law

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Henan Soft Science Research Program (222400410110); National Social Science Foundation of China (21BJY186).

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    摘要:

    考量农业现代化发展水平的时空演化特征及其障碍因素,有助于推进农业高质量发展,同时有利于优化相关领域顶层设计。本文以黄河流域9个省区为例,运用熵值法、泰尔指数和障碍度模型,分析了黄河流域农业现代化水平时空演化特征及差异,进而探讨其障碍因素。结果表明,从黄河流域全域尺度看,其农业现代化水平在不断提高,但整体水平还处于低位。从黄河流域空间分布特征看,9个省区农业现代化发展水平处于非均衡态势,内蒙古、山东、四川、青海和河南的发展水平较高,甘肃、陕西、山西和宁夏的发展水平相对较低,呈现出“中间低,四周高”的空间发展格局,但省区间的差距在逐渐缩小。黄河流域农业现代化发展的障碍因素主要集中在农业基础投入和农业科技及社会化服务水平,其中,单位耕地面积水资源占有量、高标准农田建设、人均耕地面积、农业社会化服务发展水平和机械化社会服务组织是多数省区共有的障碍因素。因此,提出优化农业现代化的空间布局;科学管理农业生产,提高水资源利用效率;加强高标准农田建设;促进农业规模化经营;以政策为引导,完善农业社会化服务体系;加强科技创新,提升农业机械化社会服务水平等的政策建议。

    Abstract:

    Examining the spatiotemporal evolution characteristics and the constraint factors of the agricultural modernization development level is helpful for promoting high-quality agricultural development and optimizing the top-level design of related fields. Taking 9 provinces in the Yellow River Basin as examples, this paper analyzed the spatiotemporal evolution characteristics and differences of the agricultural modernization level in the Yellow River Basin by the entropy method, the Theil index, and the constraint degree model. Results show that from the perspective of the entire Yellow River Basin, the level of agricultural modernization is constantly improving but still at a low level. From the perspective of the spatial distribution characteristics of the Yellow River Basin, the development level of agricultural modernization in the 9 provinces is in a non-equilibrium state, with Inner Mongolia, Shandong, Sichuan, Qinghai, and Henan having higher development levels, and Gansu, Shaanxi, Shanxi, and Ningxia relatively lower levels, forming a spatial development pattern of “low in the middle, high around”. But the gaps among provinces are gradually narrowing. The constraint factors to the development of agricultural modernization in the Yellow River Basin are mainly concentrated in agricultural basic input and the level of agricultural technology and socialized services. Among them, water resources per unit of farmland, construction of high-standard farmland, per capita farmland, the level of development of agricultural socialized services, and the organization of mechanized social services are common constraint factors in most provinces. Therefore, this paper suggests: 1) to optimize the spatial layout of agricultural modernization; 2) to manage agricultural production scientifically to improve water resource utilization efficiency; 3) to strengthen high-standard farmland construction; 4) to promote agricultural scale management; 5) to improve agricultural socialized service system under policy guidance; and 6) to strengthen technological innovation and improve the level of socialized services for agricultural mechanization.

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引用本文

张改清,刘铄. 黄河流域农业现代化水平时空演化及障碍因素解析[J]. 农业现代化研究, 2023, 44(4): 624-634
ZHANG Gai-qing, LIU Shuo. The analysis of the spatiotemporal evolution and the constraint factors of the agricultural modernization level in the Yellow River Basin[J]. Research of Agricultural Modernization, 2023, 44(4): 624-634

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  • 收稿日期:2023-01-09
  • 最后修改日期:2023-05-18
  • 录用日期:2023-05-18
  • 在线发布日期: 2023-09-19
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