资本依赖、正规信贷约束对农户适度规模经营意愿影响研究
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作者单位:

1.中南民族大学经济学院;2.中南林业科技大学商学院

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基金项目:

国家自然科学青年基金项目(72003201);教育部人文社会科学青年基金项目(19YJC790093);湖南省哲学社会科学基金青年项目(18YBQ138)


The effects of capital dependence and formal credit constraint on farmers’ willingness to operate on a moderate scale
Author:
Affiliation:

1.School of Economics, South-Central Minzu University;2.College of Business, Central South University of Forestry and Technology

Fund Project:

National Natural Science Foundation of China (72003201); Foundation for Young Scholars of Humanity and Social Sciences of the Ministry of Education of China (19YJC790093); Social Science Foundation of Hunan Province (18YBQ138).

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    摘要:

    耕地细碎化等诸多问题引发了农业规模不经济,探析资本依赖程度与正规信贷约束对农户适度规模经营意愿的影响,为进一步完善土地规模经营政策提供决策依据。基于长江中游地区的湖北、湖南、安徽和江西等四个水稻主产省份906户种稻农户样本数据,采用产出最大化目标下的D-G生产函数测算适度经营规模,识别尚未达到最适经营规模的农户作为研究对象,并运用二元Logistic模型方法定量分析资本依赖、正规信贷约束对其适度规模经营意愿的影响。结果表明,长江中游水稻生产的适度经营规模区间为13.33~20 hm2,达到最适经营规模的农户数量占比不足20%。资本依赖程度对农户适度规模经营意愿具有正向影响,其中转入耕地比重、投入机械原值等指标对农户适度规模经营意愿均具有正向影响;雇佣劳动力比重对农户适度规模经营意愿并未产生显著影响。正规信贷约束的影响方面,受到需求型信贷约束的农户,愿意扩大经营规模以实现适度规模经营的可能性更高。据此,应加快培养适度规模经营的新型农业经营主体,并提高政策实施精确度,创新各类金融机构支农服务,提高农户金融市场参与率。

    Abstract:

    Agricultural diseconomies of scale are caused by various problems such as cropland fragmentation. To explore the effects of capital dependence and formal credit constraint on farmers’ willingness to scale up management, and to provide a policy basis for further improving the land scale management. Based on a sample data of 906 rice farmers in main producing areas, including Hubei, Hunan, Anhui, and Jiangxi provinces in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, this paper estimated the appropriate operation scale by the D-G production function under the output maximization objective and analyzed the influence of capital dependence and formal credit constraint on their moderate scale operation intention by the binary Logistic model. Results show that the appropriate scale range of rice production in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River was 13.33~20 hm2, and the number of farmers reaching the optimal scale accounted for less than 20%. The degree of capital dependence has a positive effect on farmers’ intention of moderate operation scale, among which, the proportion of transferred farmland and the original value of machinery purchased, which represent the degree of capital dependence, have positive effects on farmers’ willingness to operate at a moderate scale. The proportion of employed labor has no significant effects on the willingness to operate at a moderate scale. In terms of the impact of formal credit constraint, farmers constrained by demand-type credit were more likely to be willing to expand their business scale. Therefore, most farmers can increase the output rate by expanding the scale of land operation. Among them, farmers with greater capital dependence and stronger demand-oriented credit constraint are more willing to operate at a moderate scale. Therefore, it is necessary to speed up the cultivation of a new type of agricultural operation subject with appropriate scale, to improve the precision of policy implementation, to innovate various kinds of financial institutions to support agriculture, and to increase the participation rate of farmers in the financial market.

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引用本文

闵锐,胡卓辉,马宇卿,黄炜虹. 资本依赖、正规信贷约束对农户适度规模经营意愿影响研究[J]. 农业现代化研究, 2023, 44(2): 265-273
MIN Rui, HU Zhuo-hui, MA Yu-qing, HUANG Wei-hong. The effects of capital dependence and formal credit constraint on farmers’ willingness to operate on a moderate scale[J]. Research of Agricultural Modernization, 2023, 44(2): 265-273

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  • 收稿日期:2022-11-13
  • 最后修改日期:2023-02-03
  • 录用日期:2023-02-04
  • 在线发布日期: 2023-05-04
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