农机社会化服务对农民主观幸福感的影响研究
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作者单位:

1.江西农业大学经济管理学院;2.江西农业大学乡村振兴战略研究院

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基金项目:

国家自然科学基金项目(72263018);江西省社会科学基金项目(22YJ47D)


Study on the influences of socialized service of agricultural machinery on farmers’ subjective well-being
Author:
Affiliation:

School of Economics and Management, Jiangxi Agricultural University

Fund Project:

National Natural Science Foundation of China (72263018); Social Science Foundation of Jiangxi Province (22YJ47D).

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    摘要:

    不断提高农民主观幸福感是实现乡村振兴的内在要求,也是实现共同富裕的题中应有之义。本文基于幸福经济学理论,利用中国劳动力动态调查数据(CLDS),运用有序Probit模型和中介效应模型,分析农机社会化服务采纳对农民主观幸福感的影响,探讨其作用机理与代际异质性。结果表明,64%的农户选择采纳农机社会化服务,51%的农民自身感到比较幸福或非常幸福,农民主观幸福感有较大提升空间。农机社会化服务采纳有助于提升农民主观幸福感,通过内生转换模型、更换核心变量检验后,结果依然稳健。从作用机制来看,农机社会化服务通过促进非农就业提升农民主观幸福感;进一步的异质性分析表明,农机社会化服务对农民主观幸福感的影响存在代际异质性,其显著提升老一代的农民主观幸福感,但对新一代的农民主观幸福感的影响不显著。据此,本文提出了大力支持农机社会化服务发展,促进农机社会化服务向专业化与规范化方向发展,引导农机社会化服务供需对接,持续促进农民主观幸福感提升。

    Abstract:

    Continuous improvement of farmers’ subjective well-being is an inherent requirement of rural revitalization and an essential part of common prosperity. Based on the happiness economics theories and the data from the China Labor Dynamics Survey (CLDS), this paper analyzed the impacts of the adoption of socialized service of agricultural machinery on farmers’ subjective well-being by the ordered Probit model and the intermediary effect model and discussed its mechanism and intergenerational heterogeneity. Results show that 64% of farmers choose to adopt the socialized service of agricultural machinery and 51% of farmers feel relatively happy or very happy, showing that there is a lot of room for improvement in the subjective well-being of farmers. The adoption of socialized service of agricultural machinery is conducive to improving farmers’ subjective well-being and results are still robust after using the endogenous transformation model and replacing the core variable test. From the perspective of mechanism, the socialized service of agricultural machinery can improve farmers’ subjective well-being by promoting non-agricultural employment. In addition, heterogeneity analysis shows that there is intergenerational heterogeneity in the impacts of socialized service of agricultural machinery on the subjective well-being of farmers, which significantly improves the subjective well-being of the older generation farmers, but no significant impacts on the subjective well-being of the new generation farmers. Accordingly, this paper proposes to vigorously support the development of socialized service of agricultural machinery, to promote the development of socialized service of agricultural machinery in the direction of specialization and standardization, to guide the connection between supply and demand of socialized service of agricultural machinery, and continuously to promote the improvement of farmers’ subjective well-being.

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引用本文

阮若卉,陈江华. 农机社会化服务对农民主观幸福感的影响研究[J]. 农业现代化研究, 2023, 44(2): 305-3015
RUAN Ruo-hui, CHEN Jiang-hua. Study on the influences of socialized service of agricultural machinery on farmers’ subjective well-being[J]. Research of Agricultural Modernization, 2023, 44(2): 305-3015

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  • 收稿日期:2022-10-31
  • 最后修改日期:2023-01-13
  • 录用日期:2023-01-13
  • 在线发布日期: 2023-05-04
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