农场动物福利的历史演进、价值审思与现实启示
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作者单位:

1.东北农业大学经济管理学院;2.东北农业大学现代农业发展研究中心

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基金项目:

国家自然科学基金项目(71640017, 72203034);中宣部文化名家暨“四个一批”人才自选项目(201801)


Historical evolution, value consideration and practical enlightenment of farm animal welfare
Author:
Affiliation:

1.College of Economics and Management, Northeast Agricultural University;2.Modern Agricultural Development Research Center, Northeast Agricultural University

Fund Project:

National Natural Science Foundation of China (71640017, 72203034); Cultural Famous Masters of the Central Propaganda Department and “Four Batches” Talent Optional Project (201801).

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    摘要:

    农场动物福利是与生态保护、社会文明、经济发展密不可分的全球性议题,是推进畜牧业可持续发展的有效途径之一。本文基于国内外现有研究,梳理畜牧业发达国家农场动物福利历史演进阶段和特征,融合农场动物福利“五大自由原则”与可持续发展的“三大内涵”,阐释与审思农场动物福利推动中国畜牧业可持续发展的内在逻辑与现实价值,探讨推动中国农场动物福利发展的思路。研究表明,农场动物福利已成为畜牧业发达国家广泛认同的可持续健康养殖理念,具有保护环境与节约饲料资源的生态效应、改善养殖效益与促进消费升级的经济效应、保障公共安全与促进社会文明的社会效应。而中国畜牧业正处于环境治理与饲料资源短缺双重约束持续增强、畜产品质量效益与竞争力仍需持续提升、健康中国与道德法制建设持续推进的发展阶段,农场动物福利能通过释放生态、经济和社会效应,有效推动中国畜牧业可持续发展。据此,提出制定和完善农场动物福利的制度体系,鼓励和引导经营主体改善农场动物福利,普及和深化对公众的动物福利教育,推进和强化动物福利的交流与合作的发展思路,以期推动畜牧业可持续发展。

    Abstract:

    Farm animal welfare is a global issue closely related to ecological protection, social civilization, and economic development, and it is one of the effective ways to promote the sustainable development of animal husbandry. Based on the existing domestic and international research, this paper analyzed the historical evolution stages and characteristics of farm animal welfare in developed countries, integrated the “five freedom principles” of farm animal welfare and the “three connotations” of sustainable development, explained the internal logic and practical value of farm animal welfare in promoting the sustainable development of China’s livestock industry, and discussed the ideas for promoting the development of farm animal welfare in China. Results show that farm animal welfare has become a widely recognized concept of sustainable and healthy breeding in developed countries. It has ecological effects of protecting the environment and saving feed resources, economic effects of improving breeding benefits and promoting consumption upgrading, and social effects of ensuring public safety and promoting social civilization. However, China’s livestock industry is at a stage of development, in which the dual constraints of environmental governance and feed resources shortage continue to strengthen, the quality benefits and competitiveness of livestock products still need to be continuously improved, and the construction of a healthy China and moral and legal systems continue to advance. Farm animal welfare can effectively promote the sustainable development of China’s livestock industry by releasing ecological, economic and social effects. Therefore, to promote the sustainable development of China’s livestock industry, this paper suggests to formulate and improve the system of farm animal welfare, to encourage and guide business entities to improve farm animal welfare, to popularize and deepen animal welfare education for the public, and to promote and strengthen the exchange and cooperation of animal welfare.

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历史
  • 收稿日期:2022-06-20
  • 最后修改日期:2022-10-02
  • 录用日期:2022-10-02
  • 在线发布日期: 2022-11-21
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