欠发达地区农业农村现代化发展与阻碍因素分析——以云南省为例
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作者单位:

1.云南农业大学经济管理学院;2.云南省高原特色农业产业研究院

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基金项目:

教育部人文社会科学研究项目(20YJAZH134);云南省哲学社会科学研究重点项目(ZD202108);云南省重大科技专项(2019ZG00911-06)


Constraint factor analysis of agricultural and rural modernization in less developed areas: A case study in Yunnan Province
Author:
Affiliation:

1.College of Economics and Management, Yunnan Agricultural University;2.Yunnan Plateau Characteristic Agricultural Industry Research Institute

Fund Project:

the Foundation for the Development of Humanities and Social Sciences of Ministry of Education of China (20YJAZH134); Key Program of Yunnan Provincial Philosophy and Social Science Research (ZD202108); Yunnan Provincial Major Science and Technology Project (2019ZG00911-06).

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    摘要:

    实现农业农村现代化是我国基本实现社会主义现代化的应有之义。但农业农村现代化区域间发展不平衡仍存在,因此,必须因地制宜推进农业农村现代化。科学评价欠发达地区农业农村现代化发展水平是精准施策的重要前提,有利于农业农村健康快速发展。本文以云南省为例,基于综合评价方法、耦合协调度模型和障碍度模型,测度2006—2020年云南省农业农村现代化发展水平,分析内部子系统的耦合协调度与诊断发展阻碍因素。结果表明,云南省农业农村现代化发展水平呈持续上升态势,正处于起步阶段。云南省农业现代化与农村现代化两个子系统表现高耦合低协调水平。乡村旅游收入占比、千人村卫生室人员数、千人农业科技人员数、农林牧渔服务业产值占比、养老服务机构收养人数占比、农药与化肥施用量成为阻碍云南农业农村现代化进程的主要因素。因此,提出以综合生产力提升和乡村建设为重点;着力发展高原特色现代农业,不断推进农旅融合;强化完善村级卫生室和养老服务设施建设;加强引进和培养农业科技人员;加快提升农业社会化服务水平;持续开展农药化肥减量、增施有机肥行动,保障生态农业稳定发展等推动云南农业农村现代化进程的政策建议。

    Abstract:

    Agricultural and rural modernization is an essential part of the socialism modernization in China. However, unbalanced development of agricultural and rural modernization among different regions still exists. Therefore, it is necessary to promote the modernization of agriculture and rural areas according to local conditions. A scientific evaluation of the development levels of agricultural and rural modernization in less developed areas is an important prerequisite for precise policy implementation, which is conducive to a healthy and rapid development of agriculture and rural areas. Taking Yunnan Province as an example, this paper evaluated the development level of agricultural and rural modernization in Yunnan Province from 2006 to 2020 based on a comprehensive evaluation method, the coupled coordination degree model and the obstacle degree model and analyzed the coupled coordination degree of internal subsystems and the constraint factors. Results show that the development level of agricultural and rural modernization in Yunnan Province is on a continuous rise and is in the initial stage. The two subsystems of agricultural and rural modernization in Yunnan Province show high coupling and low coordination level. The percentage of income from rural tourism, the number of village health room personnel per 1,000 people, the number of agricultural science and technology personnel per 1,000 people, the percentage of output value of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery service industry, the percentage of adopters in elderly service institutions, and the amount of pesticide and chemical fertilizer application become the main factors impeding the modernization process of Yunnan’s agriculture and rural areas. Therefore, to promote modernization of Yunnan’s agriculture and rural areas, this paper suggests: 1) to focus on comprehensive productivity enhancement and village construction; 2) to continuously develop modern agriculture with highland characteristics and promote the integration of agriculture and tourism; 3) to intensively improve the construction of village health offices and elderly service facilities; 4) to strengthen the introduction and training of agricultural science and technology personnel; 5) to accelerate the improvement of agricultural socialization services; and 6) to continuously carry out the action of reducing the amount of pesticides and chemical fertilizers and increasing the application of organic fertilizers to ensure a stable development of ecological agriculture.

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引用本文

肖露,张榆琴,李新然,李学坤. 欠发达地区农业农村现代化发展与阻碍因素分析——以云南省为例[J]. 农业现代化研究, 2022, 43(5): 780-789
XIAO Lu, ZHANG Yu-qin, LI Xin-ran, LI Xue-kun. Constraint factor analysis of agricultural and rural modernization in less developed areas: A case study in Yunnan Province[J]. Research of Agricultural Modernization, 2022, 43(5): 780-789

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  • 收稿日期:2022-06-09
  • 最后修改日期:2022-08-23
  • 录用日期:2022-08-23
  • 在线发布日期: 2022-10-17
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