省域农村现代化水平评价与区域差异分析
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作者单位:

1.东北农业大学经济管理学院;2.东北农业大学现代农业发展研究中心

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基金项目:

国家社会科学基金重点项目(18AJY016);黑龙江省经济社会发展重点战略课题(21113)


The evaluation of provincial rural modernization level and the analysis of regional differences
Author:
Affiliation:

1.School of Economics and Management, Northeast Agricultural University;2.Modern Agricultural Development Research Center, Northeast Agricultural University

Fund Project:

Key Project of National Social Science Foundation of China (18AJY016); Key Strategic Project of Economic and Social Development of Heilongjiang Province (21113).

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    摘要:

    评价省域农村现代化水平并分析其区域差异,对于促进省域农村现代化均衡、充分发展意义重大。本文运用综合评价、K-means均值聚类分析、差异指数和指标优劣势分析等方法,在测度2010—2020年省域农村现代化水平指数的基础上,剖析其发展规律并划分地区类型,从总体、子系统和地区类型3个维度量化分析其区域差异,并对各类型地区省域农村现代化水平指标的优劣势进行对比分析。结果表明,2020年江苏、北京、上海、浙江和福建5个省份处于农村现代化起步阶段的后期,天津、广东、山东等11个省份处于农村现代化起步阶段的中期,西藏、广西、甘肃等15个省份处于农村现代化起步阶段的前期。省域农村现代化水平呈现“由东向西递减”分布格局,空间分布特征表现出与经济区域、粮食功能区域分布特征的高度关联性;2010—2020年各省农村现代化水平均有不同程度提升;省域农村现代化水平的差异主要来源于不同类型区域间的差异,各类型区域内差异具有明显的异质性;不同类型地区间的优劣势指标具有异质性。因此,为推进省域农村现代化快速、均衡发展,应坚持“扬长补短、分类施策”原则,以低水平发展地区为发力点,以狭义农村现代化水平子系统为主要抓手,瞄准不同等级发展水平地区、不同经济区域、不同粮食功能区域的共性优劣势指标,制定更有针对性的具体措施。

    Abstract:

    It is of great significance to evaluate the level of provincial rural modernization and to analyze its regional differences for promoting full balanced development of provincial rural modernization. Applying comprehensive evaluation, K-means clustering analysis, difference index and index advantage and disadvantage analysis to measure the index of provincial rural modernization level from 2010 to 2020, this paper examined its development rules and regional types and quantitatively analyzed regional differences from three dimensions: overall, sub-system and regional types. And the advantages and disadvantages of each type of regional rural modernization level indicators are compared and analyzed. Results show that in 2020, five provinces were in the late stage of the initial stage of rural modernization, 11 provinces were in the middle stage of the initial stage of rural modernization, and 15 provinces were in the early stage of the initial stage of rural modernization. The level of provincial rural modernization was decreasing from east to west, and the spatial distribution characteristics were highly correlated with the distribution characteristics of economic regions and food function regions. From 2010 to 2020, the levels of rural modernization in all provinces were improved to varying degrees. The differences of provincial rural modernization levels mainly came from the differences among different types of regions, and the differences within each type of region had obvious heterogeneity. The advantages and disadvantages of different types of regions were heterogeneous. To promote the rapid and balanced development of provincial rural modernization, this paper suggests adhering to the principle of “making the best use of strengths, complementing weaknesses, implementing policies according to different categories”, and formulating specific measures targeted at the common advantages and disadvantages of different types of regions.

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引用本文

钱佰慧,郭翔宇,张翔玮,逯一哲,姚江南. 省域农村现代化水平评价与区域差异分析[J]. 农业现代化研究, 2022, 43(5): 769-779
QIAN Bai-hui, GUO Xiang-yu, ZHANG Xiang-wei, LU Yi-zhe, YAO Jiang-nan. The evaluation of provincial rural modernization level and the analysis of regional differences[J]. Research of Agricultural Modernization, 2022, 43(5): 769-779

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  • 收稿日期:2022-05-09
  • 最后修改日期:2022-07-23
  • 录用日期:2022-07-23
  • 在线发布日期: 2022-10-17
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