基于双重双钻石模型的中国茶产业国际竞争力研究
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福建农林大学

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基金项目:

国家自然科学基金项目(71703024);福建省社会科学基金项目(FJ2021C072);福建农林大学科技创新专项基金项目(CXZX2021021)


Research on the international competitiveness of China’s tea industry based on the dual double diamond model
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Fujian Agriculture And Forestry University

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National Natural Science Foundation of China (71703024); Social Science Foundation of Fujian Province (FJ2021C072); Science and Technology Innovation Special Fund of Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University (CXZX2021021)

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    摘要:

    在新发展格局下,提升中国茶产业国际竞争力有利于扩大茶叶出口,是化解国内产能过剩危机的有效途径。本文利用UNcomtrade数据库中2001—2020年的茶叶贸易数据,采用国际市场占有率、显示性比较优势指数和显示性比较优势权重指数对中国茶产业国际竞争力进行测度与比较,并以双重双钻石模型为理论基础,进一步探讨影响中国茶产业国际竞争力的主要因素。结果表明,从总体来看,中国茶产业的国际市场在不断拓展,目前具有较强的国际竞争力,但与其他出口大国相比相对较弱;从茶产品来看,绿茶是中国在国际贸易中的优势产品,尤其是小包绿茶长期保持绝对优势,但红茶的比较优势明显不足。进一步分析发现,中国茶产业国际竞争力主要来源于国内丰富的自然资源和庞大的内需市场,制约因素主要有劳动力成本上升、茶叶技术创新能力弱、出口茶叶质量低和农药相关标准不完善等。因此,提出增强茶叶技术创新能力、推进茶产业绿色高质量发展和加强国际化人才队伍建设等提升国际竞争力的建议。

    Abstract:

    Under the new development pattern, enhancing the international competitiveness of China’s tea industry is conducive to expanding tea export, which is an effective way to resolve the domestic overcapacity crisis. Based on the tea trade data from 2001 to 2020 in UNcomtrade database, this paper measures and compares the international competitiveness of China’s tea industry with the international market share, the revealed comparative advantage index, and the revealed comparative advantage weight index by the dual double diamond model. This paper also discussed the main factors affecting the international competitiveness of China’s tea industry. Results show that, in general, the international market of China’s tea industry was expanding, and it had a strong international competitiveness, but it was relatively weak compared with other exporting countries. From the perspective of tea products, green tea was China’s dominant product in international trade, especially the small package of green tea has maintained its absolute advantage for a long time, but the comparative advantage of black tea was obviously insufficient. Further analysis finds that the international competitiveness of China’s tea industry mainly comes from the rich natural resources and the huge domestic market, and the main constraints include the rising labor cost, weak tea technology innovation ability, low quality of exported tea, and imperfect standards related to pesticide residue. Therefore, to enhance the international competitiveness of China’s tea industry, this paper suggests to enhance tea technology innovation ability, to promote green and high-quality development of the tea industry, and to strengthen the construction of international talent team.

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黄国星,戴永务,欧阳友全,黄衍,赵美琦. 基于双重双钻石模型的中国茶产业国际竞争力研究[J]. 农业现代化研究, 2022, 43(5): 823-833
HUANG Guo-xing, DAI Yong-wu, OUYANG You-quan, HUANG Yan, ZHAO Mei-qi. Research on the international competitiveness of China’s tea industry based on the dual double diamond model[J]. Research of Agricultural Modernization, 2022, 43(5): 823-833

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  • 收稿日期:2022-04-12
  • 最后修改日期:2022-09-13
  • 录用日期:2022-09-14
  • 在线发布日期: 2022-10-24
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