多中心治理理论视阈下农业人才培养模式与机制研究
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河北农业大学经济管理学院

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国家社会科学基金项目(15BJY104);2019年度河北省社会科学基金重大项目(HB19ZD05)


The mode and mechanism of agricultural talent training from the perspective of multi-center governance theory
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School of Economics and Management, Hebei Agricultural University

Fund Project:

National Social Science Foundation of China (15BJY104); Major Projects of Hebei Provincial Social Science Foundation in 2019 (HB19ZD05).

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    摘要:

    农业人才是支撑现代农业发展的主体力量,如何多途径助力农业人才培养,对实现产业振兴与人才振兴双目标具有重要意义。基于多中心治理理论,构建农业人才培养治理主体—治理方式—治理规则—治理目标(4G)分析框架,运用多案例分析法,分析农业人才培养典型模式,剖析其运行机制。研究表明,实践案例中形成了特征鲜明的产品导向型、职业学徒式、研学一体化和利益共享制4种典型模式,培养了大批与产业发展紧密融合的绿色生产型、经营管理型和技能服务型农业人才,提升了人才的生态环保能力、职业化程度和科学技术水平。各个典型模式已形成多元主体互动衔接协同、差异化培养方式逐渐适配契合、培养规则不断完善规范趋同、提高管理效率目标与追求经济利益双重治理目标为导向的多中心治理运行机制。为了进一步优化与推广农业人才培养模式,提出单一政府主导转变为与市场和社会主体协同、推动多元主体治理方式不断契合衔接、促进多元主体创新规范治理规则趋同一致、兼顾管理效率与市场效益的双重治理目标导向的政策启示。

    Abstract:

    Agricultural talents are a main force supporting the development of modern agriculture. How to help cultivate agricultural talents in multiple ways is of a great significance for realizing the dual goals of industrial revitalization and talent revitalization. Based on the multi-center governance theory, this paper constructed a 4-G analysis framework of agricultural talent training, including governance subjects, governance modes, governance rules, and governance objectives, and adopted the multi-case analysis method to analyze the typical mode of agricultural talent training and its operating mechanism. Results show that four typical models of product-oriented, vocational apprenticeship, research-study integration, and benefit-sharing have been formed in practice and many green production, management, and skill services have been closely integrated with industrial development. It has improved the ecological and environmental protection ability, professionalism degree, and scientific and technological level of talents. Each typical model has formed a multi-center governance operation mechanism oriented by the interaction and coordination of multiple subjects, the gradual adaptation of differentiated training methods, the continuous improvement of training rules and the convergence of norms, and the dual governance goals of improving management efficiency and pursuing economic returns. To further optimize and popularize the agricultural talent training model, this paper suggests: 1) changing from the government-leading model to a coordinated development model between market and society, 2) promoting the integration of multi-subject governance method, 3) stimulating the convergence of multi-subject innovation, normative governance rules, and 4) incorporating the dual goals of both management efficiency and market returns in the management model.

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樊梦瑶,张亮. 多中心治理理论视阈下农业人才培养模式与机制研究[J]. 农业现代化研究, 2022, 43(2): 192-201
FAN Meng-yao, ZHANG Liang. The mode and mechanism of agricultural talent training from the perspective of multi-center governance theory[J]. Research of Agricultural Modernization, 2022, 43(2): 192-201

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  • 收稿日期:2022-01-05
  • 最后修改日期:2022-01-26
  • 录用日期:2022-01-27
  • 在线发布日期: 2022-04-21
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