School of Economics and Management, Beijing Forestry University
National Natural Science Foundation of China (71873017); the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (2015ZCQ-JG-03).
Under the background of the wide income gap and the consolidation of social classes in China’s rural areas, it is of great significance to study whether farmland transfer can narrow the income gap and whether low-income households can achieve class transition through farmland transfer. Based on the data of the China Household Finance Survey (CHFS) from 2015 to 2017, this paper discusses the impact of farmland transfer on rural income inequality from static and dynamic dimensions by the Recentered Influence Function Regression (RIF) model and the income transfer matrix. Results show that, from a static perspective, farmland transfer can effectively reduce the overall income gap in rural areas. However, when the income gap is broken down into polarization, high-end, and low-end, the impact of aggravating and alleviating the income gap exists at the same time. From a dynamic perspective, participating in farmland transfer is conducive to improving the overall income mobility in rural areas and low-income households can achieve class transition through farmland transfer. From the perspective of heterogeneity, the effect of farmland transfer on income gap narrowing mainly occurs in the central and western regions, and the effect is not obvious in the eastern region. Both large-scale farmland transfer-in and paid farmland transfer-out will significantly reduce the overall static income inequality. Therefore, to increase the efficacy of farmland transfer, while continuing to promote farmland transfer, the government should pay attention to the standardization and marketization of transaction modes to promote the paid transfer-out and differentiated policy support for different transfer scales.
吴超,李强,王会,刘霞婷,宋中丽. 农地流转对农村内部收入不平等的影响[J]. 农业现代化研究, 2022, 43(2): 261-272
WU Chao, LI Qiang, WANG Hui, LIU Xia-ting, SONG Zhong-li. The impact of farmland transfer on income inequality in rural areas[J]. Research of Agricultural Modernization, 2022, 43(2): 261-272