日本农村振兴的经验及对我国的启示
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上海市农业科学院农业科技信息研究所,上海市农业科学院农业科技信息研究所,上海市农业科学院农业科技信息研究所,上海市委农办研究室,广西财经学院经济与贸易学院

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上海市科委软科学重点课题(18692103300);上海市质监局TBT项目(17TBT004);广西财经学院经济与贸易学院农林经济管理学科资助


The experiences of Japan’s rural revitalization and its implications to China
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Information Research Institute of Science and Technology,Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Information Research Institute of Science and Technology,Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Information Research Institute of Science and Technology,Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Research Center of the Office of the Rural Work, Shanghai Municipal Committee,Economic and Trade College,Guangxi University of Finance and Economics

Fund Project:

Key Program of Soft Science of Shanghai Municipal Commission of Science and Technology (18692103300); TBT Project of Shanghai Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision (17TBT004); Support Program of the Economic and Trade College, Guangxi University of Finance and Economics.

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    摘要:

    党的十九大提出实施乡村振兴战略,为新时代中国农业农村的改革与发展指明了方向。如何科学制定乡村振兴战略的制度框架和政策体系是推动该战略取得进展的关键问题。邻国日本于20世纪60年代实施了农村振兴战略,对日本农村振兴的由来及具体方法进行系统分析将能为中国提供可借鉴的经验。经分析可知,日本农村振兴战略的主要内容包括开展农产品品牌营销、开发与活用地域资源、创新农业技术、推广农业六次产业化等,活跃了农村经济并取得了农民增收与城乡一体化协调发展的成效,但在增加农业劳动力供给和提高粮食自给率上还存在可改善的空间。根据日本的经验做法,结合中国国情与农情,提出应打造区域特色农业、培育新型农业经营主体、推进都市绿色农业发展、健全乡村治理体系、复兴乡村文化和建设宜居新农村的对策建议。

    Abstract:

    The 19th National Congress of the CPC put forward the implementation of the rural revitalization strategy, which pointed the way for the reform and development of China’s agriculture and rural areas in the new era. How to formulate the institutional framework and policy system regarding the rural revitalization strategy is the most urgent issue that needs to be addressed in the near future. In the 1960s Japan also formulated a rural revitalization strategy to tackle the rural recession challenges. This paper systematically analyzed the origin and practices of Japan’s rural revitalization strategy and discussed its implications to China. Results show that Japan implemented its own rural revitalization strategy through the marketing of agricultural products, the development and utilization of geographical resources, the innovation of agricultural technologies, and the promotion of sixth industrialization of agriculture. Japan’s strategy has revitalized the rural economy, increased farmers’ income, and achieved coordinated and integrated development of urban and rural areas. However, there is still room for further improvement in increasing the supply of agricultural labors and the food self-sufficiency rate. Finally, this paper provides the following suggestions for China’s rural revitalization strategy: to build regional agriculture with its own characteristics, to cultivate new types of agricultural management entities, to establish urban green agriculture, to perfect the rural governance system, to rejuvenate the rural culture, and to build livable new countryside.

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贾磊,刘增金,张莉侠,方志权,覃梦妮. 日本农村振兴的经验及对我国的启示[J]. 农业现代化研究, 2018, 39(3): 359-368
JIA Lei, LIU Zeng-jin, ZHANG Li-xia, Fang Zhi-quan, QIN Meng-ni. The experiences of Japan’s rural revitalization and its implications to China[J]. Research of Agricultural Modernization, 2018, 39(3): 359-368

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  • 收稿日期:2018-03-27
  • 最后修改日期:2018-04-22
  • 录用日期:2018-04-30
  • 在线发布日期: 2018-05-21
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