Economics college of Henan university,河南大学经济学院
Collaborative Innovation Center in Henan Province of New-type Urbanization and the Central Plains Economic Zone Construction Funded Project; Humanities and Social Sciences Research Fund of Henan Provincial Education Department (2015-GH-275).
作为管理农业风险的两种重要工具，我国农业保险和农产品期货市场近年来发展迅速，但二者之间的协同发展明显不足，“保险 期货”模式的出现是二者协同发展的一种探索。“保险 期货”模式中保险公司参照期货价格设计保险产品，同时通过期货公司购买场外期权规避价格风险，农业生产经营者通过购买保险产品实现避险，实际上在此过程中期货市场担当了再保险的角色，充分发挥了农业保险和农产品期货市场各自的优势。“保险 期货”运作机制有利于稳定和提高农民收入、顺利推进粮食收储制度改革以及完善农业保险和农产品期货市场功能。目前，我国“保险 期货”尚处于试点阶段，运行过程中存在适用范围有限、场内期权缺失、农产品期货市场和政府补贴不完善以及法律法规限制、监管机制不健全等诸多问题。在借鉴国际经验的基础上，应尽快推进期货市场新品种上市、完善农产品期货市场、建立政府财政补贴体系、修订法律法规以及加强监管体系建设。
As two important tools of agricultural risk management—agricultural insurance and agricultural futures market developed rapidly in recent years in China. However, the collaborative development is obviously inadequate, the emergence of “insurance futures” mode is an exploration. In the “insurance futures” mode, insurance company designs insurance products referring to futures price and avoids price risks by purchasing off-market options through futures company; while agricultural producers and operators achieve hedging through insurance products. In the process, agricultural futures market actually plays a role of reinsurance, taking advantages of both insurance and futures, which can improve farmers’ income, advance the reform of grain purchasing and storage system, and enhance the functions of agricultural insurance and agricultural futures market. Currently, the mode of “insurance futures” is still in pilot phase in China and there exist many problems, including limited application scope, the lack of options in the futures market, imperfect agricultural futures market and government subsidy, restriction of laws and regulations, imperfect supervision mechanism, etc.. To improve the healthy development of the “insurance futures” mode, this paper suggests to promote new futures varieties listed as soon as possible, to perfect agricultural futures market, to establish government financial subsidy system, to revise laws or regulations, and to strengthen supervision system.
蔡胜勋,秦敏花. 我国农业保险与农产品期货市场的连接机制研究——以“保险 期货”为例[J]. 农业现代化研究, 2017, 38(3): 510-518
caishengxun,秦敏花. Study on the connection mechanism between agricultural insurance and agricultural futures market in China: A case study of “insurance futures”[J]. Research of Agricultural Modernization, 2017, 38(3): 510-518