构建新型城乡关系的问题和途径及改革要点
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(天津社会科学院城市经济研究所,天津300191)

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蔡玉胜(1971-),男,河南罗山人,所长、研究员、经济学博士,主要研究方向:区域和城乡统筹。

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Main Problems and Reform Points to Construct New Relationship between Urban and Rural Areas
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(Institute of Urban Economics, Tianjin Academy of Social Sciences, Tianjin 300191, China)

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    摘要:

    城乡关系是我国社会结构性的深层问题, 在改革实践过程中经历了政策引导、科技引导、投入引导和市场引导等数次深刻变化。当前城乡关系问题突出体现在城镇化进程中的农民土地权益和劳动权益保护,农村公共资源和基本公共服务的缺失,支撑现代农业生产和农村社会治理的人力资源匮乏,农村生产要素向城市单向流动,农村社区建设与城市的趋同化。解决这些难题需要将城乡关系基础构筑在和社会主义市场经济体制相适应的的市场环境上,突出市场在资源配置和要素流动中的决定作用。未来改革的要点包括尽快实施农村金融改革,实现土地政策三个保护,探索发展集体经济的新的有效形式,保护农民非农方面权益和强化农村基层社会管理创新。

    Abstract:

    The relationship between urban and rural areas is the deep-seated issue of our social structure, which experiences policy guidance, technical guidance, investment and market leading in the reform process. The present problem in the relationship between urban and rural areas highlights the peasants land rights and labor rights protection in the process of urbanization, lack of public resources and basic public services in rural areas, and lack of human resources supporting the modern agricultural production and rural society governance, one-way flow of the rural production elements to the city, and the assimilation of the construction of the city and rural community. To solve these problems need to built the basis of the relationship between urban and rural areas on the socialist market economic system to adapt to the market environment, and to highlight the role of the market in resource allocation and flow of elements. Future reform points includes the implementation of rural financial reform as soon as possible, the realization three protection of land policy, exploration of effective forms of new collective economy development, protecting farmers' rights and strengthening the innovation of the rural social management.

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引用本文

蔡玉胜. 构建新型城乡关系的问题和途径及改革要点[J]. 农业现代化研究, 2014, 35(2): 129-133
CAI Yu-sheng. Main Problems and Reform Points to Construct New Relationship between Urban and Rural Areas[J]. Research of Agricultural Modernization, 2014, 35(2): 129-133

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  • 收稿日期:2014-01-13
  • 最后修改日期:2014-01-28
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  • 在线发布日期: 2014-04-04
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