我国粮食最低收购价政策的效应和问题及完善建议
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(湖南农业大学经济学院,湖南 长沙410128

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兰录平(1973-),男,湖南茶陵人,农业经济管理博士,研究方向:农业经济理论与政策。

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Effect and Problems of China’s Grain Minimum Purchase Price Policy and Suggestions for Improvement
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(College of Economics, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha, Hunan 410128, China)

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    摘要:

    本文阐述了我国粮食最低收购价政策实施9年来,对稳定市场粮价、促进农民增收、保障粮食安全等方面发挥的重要作用。分析了在政策设计方面存在的缺陷,如责任主体与粮食收购主体分离,最低收购价形成机制未明确,收购贷款与利息补贴等没有明确或细化等相关问题;以及在操作方面存在诸如粮食品种差价不合理,执行主体和委托收购库点关系不顺,收购点库不足等问题,制约了政策效果的进一步发挥。从优化政策设计、提高执行效果、完善配套措施三个方面,对粮食最低收购价政策提出完善建议。

    Abstract:

    This paper describes the minimum grain purchase prices of our country policy in 9years, the important effect on the stability of market prices, the promotion of peasant income, food security and other play, analyzes the existing defects in the policy design, such as the separation of the main responsibility body and the grain purchase, the purchase price formation mechanism is not clear, the acquisition of loans and interest rate subsidies not clear or refinement; and in the operation also exist such as varieties of grain price is not rational, the implementation of the subject and the entrustment purchase base point relationship is not smooth, acquisition point library deficiencies, further restricted the policy effect. From the optimization of policy design, improve performance, improve supporting measures three aspects, puts forward some suggestions on the minimum purchase price policy for grain.

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兰录平. 我国粮食最低收购价政策的效应和问题及完善建议[J]. 农业现代化研究, 2013, 34(5): 513-517
LAN Lu-ping. Effect and Problems of China’s Grain Minimum Purchase Price Policy and Suggestions for Improvement[J]. Research of Agricultural Modernization, 2013, 34(5): 513-517

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历史
  • 收稿日期:2013-07-02
  • 最后修改日期:2013-07-30
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  • 在线发布日期: 2013-09-25
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