农户家庭非农创业对农地转出的影响
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中国人民大学公共管理学院

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基金项目:

国家自然科学基金项目(71874196);中国人民大学2020年度拔尖创新人才培育资助计划成果


The impact of non-agricultural entrepreneurship on farmland transfer-out
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School of Public Administration and Policy, Renmin University of China

Fund Project:

National Natural Science Foundation of China (71874196); Outstanding Innovative Talents Cultivation Funded Programs of Renmin University of China.

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    摘要:

    农村非农创业的稳步发展在提高农户家庭收入和生活水平的同时,也推动了农户对土地资源的配置与利用,进而对农地转出产生影响。基于中国家庭金融调查(CHFS)2015年的微观农户数据,运用Probit模型和Tobit模型分析家庭非农创业对农地转出的影响,通过构建中介效应模型探讨农户家庭保险所发挥的中介作用。结果表明,农户家庭非农创业的比例不高,仅为14.6%,农地转出行为参与率和转出规模平均比重均呈现出较低水平,分别为17.4%和14.4%。非农创业对农户的农地转出行为和转出规模均产生了显著的促进作用,非农创业在青壮年农户中的影响强度要显著高于老年农户。非农创业通过促进农户家庭参与保险,进一步推动了农户的农地转出行为和转出规模,家庭保险参与在非农创业对农地转出的影响过程中发挥了部分中介效应。因此,提出有序推动农业劳动力向非农部门转移,基于农户发展特征实施差异化的政策扶持和就业引导,通过完善农村保障制度提高农户保险参与率等政策建议。

    Abstract:

    The development of rural non-agricultural entrepreneurship not only improves rural household income and living standards, but also promotes the allocation and utilization of land resources, which has an impact on farmland transfer. Based on the data of China Household Finance Survey (CHFS) in 2015, this paper analyzed the impact of household’s non-agricultural entrepreneurship on farmland transfer-out by the Probit model and the Tobit model and further discussed the intermediary role of family insurance programs by constructing an intermediary effect model. Research results show that the proportion of non-agricultural entrepreneurship is 14.6%, not very high, and the participation rates of farmland transfer-out behavior and the average proportion of transfer-out scale are 17.4% and 14.4% respectively, at relatively low levels. Non-agricultural entrepreneurship has a significant role in promoting farmers’ farmland transfer-out behavior and scale. In addition, the analysis of heterogeneity shows that the impact intensity of non-agricultural entrepreneurship of young farmers is significantly higher than that of elderly farmers. Furthermore, non-agricultural entrepreneurship further promotes farmers’ farmland transfer-out behavior and scale by promoting their family participation in insurance programs. Family insurance participation plays a partial mediating role in the process of the impact of non-agricultural entrepreneurship on farmland transfer-out. Therefore, this paper suggests: to promote the transfer of agricultural labor force to non-agricultural work, to implement differentiated policy support and employment guidance based on the development characteristics of farmers and to improve farmers’ insurance participation rate by optimizing the rural security system.

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  • 收稿日期:2021-05-21
  • 最后修改日期:2021-08-06
  • 录用日期:2021-08-06
  • 在线发布日期: 2021-09-03
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