社会化服务对农户质量安全认证行为的影响分析
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中国人民大学农业与农村发展学院

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国家自然科学基金项目(71633005, 71873179)


Analysis on the influence of socialized services on farmers’ quality-safety certification behaviors
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School of Agriculture and Rural Development, Renmin University of China

Fund Project:

National Nature Science Foundation of China (71633005, 71873179).

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    摘要:

    社会化服务是促进小农户与现代农业有机衔接的重要途径。基于“全国新型农业经营主体发展指数调查”数据分析农户的社会化服务获取水平及其质量安全认证水平,并采用IVProbit模型分析社会化服务对农户质量安全认证行为的影响。结果表明,农户对社会化服务的平均获取数量为1.424种,通过至少一种质量安全认证的农户占比为8.5%,呈现出较低水平。社会化服务对农户的认证行为具有显著促进作用,但这种促进作用存在异质性。在社会化服务不同环节中,产后服务的促进作用最强,其次为产前服务,最后为产中服务;对不同类型农户而言,社会化服务对普通农户的促进作用强于规模农户。研究表明,缓解家庭资源禀赋约束和拓展产品销售市场是社会化服务促进农户认证行为的有效路径。因此,提出推进社会化服务的供给侧结构性改革、落实对普通农户获取社会化服务的激励政策、完善社会化服务对农户认证行为的影响路径等建议。

    Abstract:

    Socialized service is an important way to promote the organic connection between farmers and modern agriculture. Based on the data of the Survey on the development index of the New Type of Agricultural Business Entity in China, the paper examines the level of socialized service acquisition by farmers and the level of product quality-safety certification and analyzes the influence of socialized services on farmers’ behavior of quality-safety certification by the IVProbit model. Results show that the average number of social services that farmers obtain is 1.424, and the proportion of farmers who have passed at least one quality-safety certification is 8.5%. Farmers’ behaviors of certification are significantly promoted by socialized services with heterogeneity. Among different parts of socialized services, post-production services have the greatest impact, followed by the pre-production services and in-production services. For different types of farmers, the promotion of small-scale farms is greater than large-scale farms. Research also shows that it is an effective route for farmers’ certification behaviors promoted by socialized services to release constraints on household resource endowment with expand product markets. Therefore, this paper suggests: to promote the supply-side structural reform of socialized services, to implement the incentive policies for small-scale farms to obtain socialized services, and to perfect the influencing path of socialized services on farmers’ certification behaviors.

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  • 收稿日期:2021-04-02
  • 最后修改日期:2021-07-02
  • 录用日期:2021-07-02
  • 在线发布日期: 2021-08-03
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