乡村振兴战略背景下农村产业发展脆弱性评估——基于农户调研数据的分析
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1.山东科技大学测绘与空间信息学院;2.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所陆地表层格局与模拟院重点实验室;3.中国科学院大学

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基金项目:

中国科学院A类战略性先导科技专项(XDA23070400)


Vulnerability assessment of rural industry development under the background of rural revitalization strategy: Analysis based on peasant household survey data
Author:
Affiliation:

1.College of Geodesy and Geomatics, Shandong University of Science and Technology;2.Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences;3.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences

Fund Project:

The Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (XDA23070400).

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    摘要:

    从农户视角出发研究农村产业发展的脆弱性问题是不同于传统区域产业脆弱性研究的一种新思路。基于脆弱性研究相关理论,本文将农户生计要素和农户对产业发展的主观评价相结合,提出基于农户视角的农村产业发展脆弱性概念,以辽宁省清原县5个典型村为研究对象,从暴露度、敏感性和适应能力3个方面构建指标体系,运用综合指数法、因子分析和计量经济回归模型,分析农村产业发展脆弱性指数和脆弱性指标差异,探讨脆弱性的影响因素。结果表明,清原县农村产业发展脆弱性指数为0.479,整体处于中等脆弱水平;不同案例村的产业发展脆弱情况不尽相同,其中椽子沟村脆弱性最小为0.397,相比之下该村拥有最强的适应能力和最小的暴露度。因子脆弱性中,收入保障因子村间差异最为明显,椽子沟村得分远低于其它调研村;农户家庭人均收入对清原农村产业发展脆弱性影响程度最大,环境风险、老龄化率对脆弱性也有较大影响;经济作物(中药材)种植业是目前对农户家庭人均收入拉动效果最明显的产业,可依托其推动富民进程。因此,为降低清原县农村产业发展脆弱性,提出依托中药材产业发展,促农民增收;注重生态环境保护,留住“绿水青山”;积极应对老龄化,提升人力资本等建议。

    Abstract:

    Studying the vulnerability of rural industrial development from the perspective of farmers is different from traditional studies. Based on relevant vulnerability theories and combining farmers’ subjective feelings towards industrial development with various influencing factors of their livelihood, this paper developed a vulnerability assessment index system incorporating three aspects of exposure, sensitivity, and adaptability to assess the vulnerability of five villages in Qingyuan County of Liaoning Province and discussed its influencing factors. Results show that the overall vulnerability of rural industrial development in Qingyuan County is at the moderately vulnerable level (0.479). Different villages show different levels of vulnerability. The vulnerability in Chuanzigou is the lowest (0.397) because of its strong adaptability and low exposure. In terms of factor analysis, the difference of income security factor among villages is the most obvious: Chuanzigou village has the lowest income security among all the villages. Per capita income of rural households has the greatest impact on the vulnerability. Environmental risk and aging rate also have great impacts on vulnerability. Among different industries, cash crop planting has the most obvious pulling effect on farmers per capita income, which can reduce vulnerability of rural industrial development in Qingyuan County. To reduce the vulnerability, this paper suggests: expanding Chinese herbal medicine industry to promote farmers’ income, focusing on environmental protection practices to retain the “lucid waters and lush mountains”, and addressing human capital shortage problems to promote human capital.

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  • 收稿日期:2021-03-25
  • 最后修改日期:2021-06-19
  • 录用日期:2021-06-19
  • 在线发布日期: 2021-08-11
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