环境规制情景下农户感知利益对绿色施肥行为的影响
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东北农业大学经济管理学院

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国家社会科学基金项目(16CJY050)


The impacts of farmers’ perceived benefits on green fertilization behaviors under environmental regulations
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School of Economics and Management, Northeast Agricultural University

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National Social Science Foundation of China (16CJY050)

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    摘要:

    引导农户进行绿色施肥对推动化肥减量增效以及农业绿色发展具有重要意义。为了探究农户绿色施肥行为的影响因素,本文从农户感知利益视角,基于黑龙江省385个种植户的调查数据,构建二元Logistic回归模型研究农户感知利益对绿色施肥行为的影响,并以环境规制作为调节变量,探究环境规制的调节效应。结果表明:1)感知经济利益对农户绿色施肥行为有显著的促进作用,感知生态利益的影响则不显著。2)环境规制对农户感知利益与绿色施肥行为有调节作用,通过引导农户认知、财政补贴以及惩罚措施来影响农户感知利益,进而促使农户进行绿色施肥。3)农户的受教育程度、是否参加过技术培训对农户绿色施肥行为有显著的促进作用,村子距县城的距离会抑制农户绿色施肥行为。最后提出了要加快推动绿色施肥技术的研发创新,促进绿色施肥降本增效;加强对绿色施肥的政策引导和财政补贴,并制定合理的惩罚机制;加大绿色施肥技术的推广力度,构建畅通的信息传导机制等政策建议。

    Abstract:

    Encouraging farmers to adopt ecological fertilization is of great significance to the reduction of chemical fertilizer applications in China and the development of ecological agriculture. Based on a survey data of 385 farmers in Heilongjiang Province, this paper studied the impacts of farmers’ perceived benefits on ecological fertilization behaviors and explored the influencing factors by a binary logistic regression model. In addition, this paper also discussed the regulating effect of environmental regulation. Results show that: 1) perceived economic benefits have a significant promoting effect on farmers’ ecological fertilization behaviors, while the impact of perceived ecological benefits is not significant; 2) environmental regulations have a regulatory effect on farmers’ perceived benefits and ecological fertilization behaviors. Environmental regulations influence farmers’ perceived benefits by guiding farmers’ cognition, financial subsidies, and punitive measures to encourage farmers to adopt ecological fertilization; 3) farmer’s education level and whether they have participated in technical training have significant influences on farmers’ ecological fertilization behaviors. The distance between the village and the county will inhibit farmers’ ecological fertilization behaviors. Finally, this paper provides the following policy suggestions: accelerating the development and innovation of ecological fertilization technology to promote ecological fertilization, to reduce costs, and to increase efficiency, strengthening policy guidance and financial subsidies for ecological fertilization, formulating a reasonable punishment mechanism, speeding up the spread of ecological fertilization technology, and building an expedite information transmission mechanism.

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代首寒,王洋,许佳彬. 环境规制情景下农户感知利益对绿色施肥行为的影响[J]. 农业现代化研究, 2021, 42(5): 880-888
DAI Shou-han, WANG Yang, XU Jia-bin. The impacts of farmers’ perceived benefits on green fertilization behaviors under environmental regulations[J]. Research of Agricultural Modernization, 2021, 42(5): 880-888

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  • 收稿日期:2021-03-24
  • 最后修改日期:2021-07-24
  • 录用日期:2021-08-09
  • 在线发布日期: 2021-10-08
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