互联网使用对农户生活垃圾分类处理意愿的影响研究——来自CLDS的数据分析
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沈阳农业大学经济管理学院

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基金项目:

国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFD0300210);国家自然科学基金项目(71873090)


The impacts of internet use on farmers’ willingness to adopt sorting treatment of daily waste: Empirical evidence from the CLDS data
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The College of Economics and Management, Shenyang Agricultural University

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National Key R&D Program of China (2016YFD0300210); National Natural Science Foundation of China (71873090).

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    摘要:

    中国社会正在进入以网络化、信息化为代表的信息时代,网络信息深刻改变着农户行为方式。本文利用2016年中国劳动力动态调查的微观数据,运用倾向得分匹配控制内生性方法,分析农户互联网使用的影响因素及互联网使用对农户生活垃圾分类处理意愿的影响,探讨影响效应在上网方式和农户间的异质性。结果表明,农户互联网的总体使用比例不高,生活垃圾分类的意愿较高,上网农户生活垃圾分类参与率高达82.9%。户主年龄、成员平均年龄和到县城距离对农户使用互联网有负向影响,户主学历、成员平均学历、家庭收入规模、道路硬化比例和乡镇政府所在地对互联网使用有正向影响。互联网使用能有效提升农户参与生活垃圾分类处理的意愿,但不同上网方式的影响效应具有异质性。手机上网和混合上网对农户生活垃圾分类处理意愿影响的净效应分别为5.2%和3.1%,而电脑上网对农户生活垃圾分类处理意愿没有显著影响。互联网使用对农户生活垃圾分类处理意愿的影响存在组群差异,互联网的使用效应仅适用于老一代农户、非农型农户和男户主农户群体。因此,提出加强农村互联网软硬件建设,推进生活垃圾分类线上宣传活动,制定农村生活垃圾分类治理的多元化宣传策略的政策建议。

    Abstract:

    Chinese society is entering into the information age, characterized by internet and informatization, which has profoundly changed the behaviors of farmers. Based on a micro data of the CLDS in 2016, this paper analyzes the influencing factors of farmers’ internet use and the impacts of internet use on farmers’ willingness to adopt sorting treatment of daily waste by the propensity score matching method and furtherly explores the heterogeneity of the influence effect among internet access and rural households. Results show that the overall proportion of farmers using internet is not high, the willingness to adopt sorting treatment of daily waste is high, and the participation rate of daily waste sorting of farmers with internet use is up to 82.9%. The age of the household head, the average age of the household members, and the distance from city center have some negative impacts on internet use. While the educational background of the household head, the average educational background of the household members, household income, the proportion of well paved road miles, and the location of the local town government have some positive impacts on farmers’ internet use. Internet use can effectively enhance farmers’ willingness to adopt sorting treatment of daily waste, but the effect of different internet access is heterogeneous. The net effects of mobile internet access and mixed internet access on farmers’ willingness to adopt sorting treatment of daily waste are 5.2% and 3.1%, respectively. While computer internet access has no significant effects. There are some group differences in the impacts of internet use on farmers’ willingness to adopt sorting treatment of daily waste which is only applicable to the older generation of farmers, non-agricultural farmers, and male headed households. Therefore, this paper suggests: to strengthen the construction of rural internet software and hardware, to promote online public activities of sorting treatment of daily waste, and to formulate diversified public strategies for rural sorting treatment of daily waste.

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刘浩,吕 杰,韩晓燕. 互联网使用对农户生活垃圾分类处理意愿的影响研究——来自CLDS的数据分析[J]. 农业现代化研究, 2021, 42(5): 909-918
LIU Hao, Lü Jie, HAN Xiao-yan. The impacts of internet use on farmers’ willingness to adopt sorting treatment of daily waste: Empirical evidence from the CLDS data[J]. Research of Agricultural Modernization, 2021, 42(5): 909-918

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  • 收稿日期:2021-03-03
  • 最后修改日期:2021-05-25
  • 录用日期:2021-05-26
  • 在线发布日期: 2021-09-27
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