农村基础设施影响农业高质量发展的机理与效应分析
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湖南农业大学经济学院

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基金项目:

国家自然科学基金项目(71573081)


Analysis on the mechanism and effects of rural infrastructure on the high-quality development of agriculture
Author:
Affiliation:

Economic College, Hunan Agricultural University

Fund Project:

National Natural Science Foundation of China (71573081).

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    摘要:

    农业高质量发展是农业供给侧结构性改革的重要目标,农村基础设施作为乡村振兴的坚实基础,对农业高质量发展有着重要影响。本文从经济效益、生态环境、农业现代化水平和农村发展水平4个维度构造了一个农业高质量发展水平的评价指标体系,利用2000—2018年省级面板数据,分析农业高质量发展水平,同时运用系统广义矩估计方法探讨农村基础设施与农业高质量发展之间的关系。结果表明,2000—2018年各省市农业高质量发展水平稳步提升,且不同农村基础设施对农业高质量发展发挥的作用明显不同。其中水利、通信基础设施对农业高质量发展有显著的正向作用;农村电力、医疗基础设施显著抑制农业高质量发展;交通基础设施则没有表现出显著的影响。基于此,本文建议加强水利、通信基础设施的建设力度和电力、医疗基础设施的维修力度,同时加大对交通基础设施的投资力度,尤其是中西部地区,使其能更好地为农业的高质量发展做出贡献。

    Abstract:

    High-quality development of agriculture is an important goal of agricultural supply-side reform. Based on a provincial panel data from 2000 to 2018, this paper constructed an evaluation index system of the high-quality development of agriculture from four dimensions of economic benefit, ecological environment, agricultural modernization level, and rural development level to analyze the high-quality development of agriculture. In addition, this paper also examined the relationship between rural infrastructure and the high-quality development of agriculture by a system generalized method of moments. Results show that the level of high-quality development of agriculture in various provinces and cities from 2000 to 2018 has been steadily improved. And the effects of different rural infrastructure on the high-quality development of agriculture were obviously different. Among them, water conservancy and communication infrastructure had some significant positive effects on the high-quality development of agriculture and rural power and medical infrastructure significantly inhibited the high-quality development of agriculture. While transportation infrastructure had no impacts on it. Therefore, this paper provides the following suggestions to ensure the high-quality development of agriculture in China: strengthening the construction of water conservancy and communication infrastructure, enhancing the maintenance of electric power and medical infrastructure, and increasing investment in transportation infrastructure, especially in the central and western regions.

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历史
  • 收稿日期:2021-02-26
  • 最后修改日期:2021-06-11
  • 录用日期:2021-06-11
  • 在线发布日期: 2021-08-03
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