政府干预、邻里效应对农户生态种养技术持续采纳意愿的影响——以稻虾共作为例
作者:
作者单位:

1. 华中农业大学经济管理学院/双水双绿研究院 2. 湖北农村发展研究中心

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基金项目:

中央高校基本科研业务费项目(2662018YJ019);国家十三五重点研发计划(2016YFD0300210)


The influences of government intervention and neighborhood effect on farmers’ willingness to adopt ecological farming technology continuously: A case study of integrated rice-crayfish farming technology
Author:
Affiliation:

1. College of Economics & Management, and Shuangshui Shuanglv Institute 2. Hubei Rural Development Research Center

Fund Project:

Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, No.2662018YJ019;National Key Research and Development Program of the 13th Five-Year Plan, No.2016YFD0300210

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    摘要:

    稻虾共作技术作为一种典型的生态种养技术,不仅有缓解资源环境压力之效,还能有效促进农民增收,其推广和持续发展是推动我国农业绿色发展转型的重要手段。本文基于持续使用模型,利用湖北、湖南和安徽3个省农户微观调研数据,采用Heckman两阶段模型,分析政府干预和邻里效应对农户稻虾共作技术持续采纳意愿的影响,探讨二者的交互效应。结果表明,农户的稻虾共作技术采纳率较高,其中已采纳农户中86.67%有明确的持续采纳意愿。政府干预中,技术补贴显著正向影响农户的技术采纳行为,政策宣传、惩罚措施显著正向影响农户的技术持续采纳意愿;邻里效应中,邻里交流显著正向影响农户的技术持续采纳意愿,邻里示范显著正向影响农户的技术采纳行为;对农户的技术持续采纳意愿的影响上,政策宣传与邻里交流存在替代效应,惩罚措施和邻里交流存在互补效应。因此,要完善政府干预机制,加强农户间的交流互动,多管齐下,以推动稻虾共作技术持续扩散。

    Abstract:

    As a typical ecological planting and breeding technology, integrated rice-crayfish farming technology can relieve the pressure on resources and environment and effectively increase farm income. Its popularization and sustainable development are important means to promote the transformation of green agricultural development in China. Based on a micro survey data of farmers in Hubei, Hunan and Anhui provinces, this paper analyzed the influences of government intervention and neighborhood effect on farmers’ willingness to continuously adopt integrated rice-crayfish farming technology and explored the interaction effect between the two by the Heckman two-stage model. Results show that farmers’ adoption rate of the integrated rice-crayfish farming technology is high, 86.67% of farmers with clear intention of continuous adoption. Research also finds that technology subsidies have significant positive impacts on farmers’ adoption behaviors, while propaganda policy and punishment measures have significant positive impacts on farmers’ willingness to continuous adoption of the technology. For the neighborhood effect, result shows that neighborhood communication has a significantly positive impact on farmers’ continuous adoption willingness and neighborhood demonstration has a significantly positive impact on farmers’ adoption behaviors. In terms of the impact on farmers’ sustainable adoption intention, the propaganda policy and neighborhood communication have a substitution effect between each other, and the punishment measures and neighborhood communication have a complementary effect. Therefore, it is necessary to improve the government intervention mechanism, to strengthen the communication and interaction between farmers, and to promote the continuous spread of the integrated rice-crayfish farming technology.

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  • 收稿日期:2021-02-10
  • 最后修改日期:2021-06-26
  • 录用日期:2021-06-27
  • 在线发布日期: 2021-09-01
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