合作参与、社会资本积累与农户相对贫困缓解——以农民专业合作社参与为例
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作者单位:

1.华南农业大学经济管理学院;2.江西农业大学乡村振兴战略研究院

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基金项目:

广东省软科学项目(2019A101002115);广东省自然科学基金项目(2020A1515011202);江西省社科规划重点项目(20GL03)


Cooperative participation, social capital accumulation, and relative poverty alleviation of farmers: From the perspective of farmers’ participation in professional cooperatives
Author:
Affiliation:

1.College of Economic and Management, South China Agricultural University;2.Rural Revitalization Strategy Research Institute and School of Economics

Fund Project:

Guangdong Soft Science Project (2019A101002115); Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province (2020A1515011202); Key Projects of Social Science Planning in Jiangxi Province (20GL03).

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    摘要:

    合作参与是增加农户社会资本积累、提升农村贫困人口可行能力,进而缓解相对贫困的重要方式之一。基于可行能力理论,构建多维相对贫困指标体系,以河南省农户微观调查数据为例,运用二元Probit模型和中介效应模型,分析农民专业合作社的参与率和农户相对贫困水平,探讨合作参与对农户相对贫困的缓解效应及其作用机制。结果表明,样本地区农民专业合作社的参与率为17.6%,参与度较低;63.6%的农户存在任意3个及以上相对贫困指标被剥夺,相对贫困水平较高。合作参与对农户相对贫困缓解具有显著正向效应,在控制其他变量的情况下,参与农民专业合作社的农户,发生相对贫困的概率会降低22.9%,进行稳健性检验并考虑内生性后,结论仍然成立。合作参与通过增加社会资本积累缓解农户相对贫困,社会网络和社会信任是其主要的传导机制。同时,户主年龄、性别、政治面貌和家庭成员外出打工经历对农户相对贫困缓解有显著影响。因此,提出要加强和完善农村合作组织建设,增强农户对合作组织减贫的信念,充分发挥农村合作组织的益贫性功效,缓解相对贫困,实现共同富裕。

    Abstract:

    Cooperative participation is one of the important ways to increase farmers’ social capital accumulation, to enhance the executive ability of the rural poor, and to alleviate relative poverty. Based on the feasibility theory and a micro-survey data of farmers in Henan Province, this paper constructs a multi-dimensional relative poverty index system, analyzes farmers’ participation rate of professional cooperatives and the relative poverty level of farmers, and discusses the alleviation effects of cooperative participation on farmers’ relative poverty and its mechanism by the binary Probit model and the intermediary effect model. Results show that farmers’ participation rate of professional cooperatives in sample areas is low, only 17.6% and 63.6% of farmers are deprived in three or more relative poverty indicators and the relative poverty level is relatively high. Cooperative participation has a significant positive effect on alleviating the relative poverty of farmers. Controlling other variables, the probability of relative poverty of farmers’ participation in professional cooperatives will be reduced by 22.9%. After the robustness test and considering the endogeneity, the conclusion is still valid. Cooperative participation can alleviate farmers’ relative poverty by increasing social capital accumulation, while social network and social trust are the main transmission mechanism. Simultaneously, age, gender, political status of the household and family members’ working experiences have significant impacts on the relative poverty alleviation of farmers. Therefore, to alleviate relative poverty and to achieve common prosperity, this paper provides the following suggestions: strengthening and completing the construction of rural cooperative organizations, enhancing farmers’ confidence in poverty reduction through cooperative organizations, and giving a full play to the poverty-benefiting function of rural cooperative organizations.

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引用本文

罗明忠,刘子玉,郭如良. 合作参与、社会资本积累与农户相对贫困缓解——以农民专业合作社参与为例[J]. 农业现代化研究, 2021, 42(5): 930-940
LUO Ming-zhong, LIU Zi-yu, GUO Ru-liang. Cooperative participation, social capital accumulation, and relative poverty alleviation of farmers: From the perspective of farmers’ participation in professional cooperatives[J]. Research of Agricultural Modernization, 2021, 42(5): 930-940

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  • 收稿日期:2021-02-01
  • 最后修改日期:2021-06-08
  • 录用日期:2021-06-08
  • 在线发布日期: 2021-09-27
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