交通基础设施与森林公园旅游发展——基于面板联立方程的实证检验
作者:
作者单位:

1.贵州大学旅游与文化产业学院;2.华南农业大学经济管理学院

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基金项目:

国家自然科学基金项目(72003069)


The relationship between transport infrastructure and development of forest park tourism: An empirical test by a simultaneous equation system model based on panel data
Author:
Affiliation:

1.College of Tourism and Culture Industry, Guizhou University;2.College of Economics and Management,South China Agricultural University

Fund Project:

National Natural Science Foundation of China (72003069)

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    摘要:

    交通基础设施既是旅游业发展的基础,也是旅游业“六要素”的一部分。通过文献梳理,在探讨交通基础设施建设与森林公园旅游发展相互作用机制的基础上,采用1998—2017年中国省级面板数据和面板联立方程模型,实证检验了两者的互动关系假说。结果表明,1)总体看,交通基础设施建设对森林公园旅游发展表现为较强的促进作用,但反方向的促进作用较弱。2)分森林公园类型看,交通基础设施建设仅分别与中资源比较优势区和资源利用不足型地区的森林公园旅游发展存在显著互动关系。3)分交通基础设施看,仅有公路交通建设与森林公园旅游发展存在显著正向的互动关系;1998—2007年时期,交通基础设施建设对森林公园旅游发展具有显著正向影响,但反向影响不显著。4)不同交通基础设施与不同森林公园类型的交叉组合看,铁路交通建设仅在森林公园的高资源比较优势区对旅游发展具有显著正向影响;公路交通建设对森林公园旅游发展均具有显著正向影响,其中,等级公路交通建设的影响更大。对此,需要因地制宜地完善交通基础设施建设、创新森林公园旅游业态。

    Abstract:

    Transport infrastructure is a basic requirement for tourism development, and it becomes one of the vital components in the “six elements” of tourism. According to the literature review, this paper further explores the interaction mechanism between traffic infrastructure construction and development of China’s forest park tourism based on a provincial panel data in China from 1998 to 2017. The simultaneous equation system model was used to empirically demonstrate the hypothesis of the interaction between traffic infrastructure construction and development of China’s forest park tourism. Estimation results show that 1) generally speaking, the construction of transport infrastructure has a strong promotion effect on the development of forest parks and forest tourism, but the reverse effect was weak; 2) in terms of patterns of forest parks, the construction of traffic infrastructure had a significant interactive relationship with the development of forest park tourism in medium-utilized with comparative advantages and under-utilized areas respectively; 3) from the perspective of forms of transport infrastructure, only highway construction had a significant positive interaction with the development of forest park tourism; from 1998 to 2007, the construction of transportation infrastructure had a significant impact on the development of forest park tourism, but the reverse effect was not significant; and 4) from the view of the cross combination of varieties of transportation infrastructure and forest parks, only railway construction had a significant positive impact on tourism development in the high-utilized areas of forest parks with comparative advantages; highway construction had a significant positive impact on the tourism development of forest parks, specifically for systemized highways. In this regard, this paper suggests to further improve the construction of transport infrastructure and to innovate the tourism formats of forest parks in accordance with local conditions.

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张自强,周伟. 交通基础设施与森林公园旅游发展——基于面板联立方程的实证检验[J]. 农业现代化研究, 2021, 42(5): 953-963
ZHANG Zi-qiang, ZHOU Wei. The relationship between transport infrastructure and development of forest park tourism: An empirical test by a simultaneous equation system model based on panel data[J]. Research of Agricultural Modernization, 2021, 42(5): 953-963

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  • 收稿日期:2021-01-27
  • 最后修改日期:2021-08-14
  • 录用日期:2021-08-16
  • 在线发布日期: 2021-10-08
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