1.College of Economics and Management, Northeast Forestry University,;2..College of Economics and Management, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin, Heilongjiang
National Natural Science Foundation of China (71973021, 72003022); Heilongjiang Province Social Science Research Program (20JYC157).
全面改善黑土地耕地保护质量，充分释放黑土地保护社会生态效益是夯实东北地区粮食生产能力与推动农业绿色发展的内在要求。社会资本作为农户嵌入社会结构的重要资源，在农户黑土地保护意愿形成过程中发挥着关键性作用。基于社会资本理论，以黑龙江省绥化市为对象，利用农户调查数据，采用双栏模型，分析农户黑土地保护意愿水平，探讨社会资本对农户黑土地保护参与意愿和支付意愿的影响机理。研究表明，大多数农户在有黑土地保护参与意愿的基础上，其支付意愿水平为1 181.40~1 859.85元/(hm2?a)。社会网络和社会参与正向激励着农户黑土地保护参与意愿，强关系网络、社会参与强度和社会参与广度对农户黑土地保护支付意愿有显著促进作用；社会信任中的一般信任正向影响农户黑土地保护参与意愿；尽管特殊信任抑制了农户黑土地保护参与意愿，却正向激励着农户黑土地保护支付意愿。因此，政府要夯实农户社会资本水平、搭建农村社区内部信息交流平台、完善黑土地生态补偿制度。
To comprehensively improve the protection quality of black-soil farmland and to fully release the social and ecological benefits of black-soil farmland protection are the internal requirements for consolidating the grain production capacity and promoting the green development of agriculture in Northeastern China. As an important resource for farmers to embed into the social structure, social capital plays a vital role in the formation of farmers’ willingness to protect black-soil farmland. Based on a survey date of farmers in Suihua City of Heilongjiang Province, and applying the theory of social capital, this paper analyzed the level of farmers’ willingness to protect black-soil farmland by the double hurdle model and discussed the influencing mechanism of social capital on farmers’ willingness to participate in and willingness to pay for black-soil farmland protection. Results show that the level of most farmers’ willingness to pay is between 1 181.40 to 1 859.85 yuan/(hm2?a) based on their willingness to participate in black-soil farmland protection. Social network and social participation positively stimulated farmers’ willingness to participate in black-soil farmland protection. While strong relationship network, the intensity of social participation, and the scope of social participation significantly promoted farmers’ willingness to pay for black-soil farmland protection. In addition, the general trust in social trust positively affected farmers’ willingness to participate in black-soil farmland protection. Although special trust inhibited farmers’ willingness to participate in black-soil farmland protection, it positively stimulated farmers’ willingness to pay for black-soil farmland protection. Therefore, this paper suggests that the government should enhance the level of social capital of farmers, build a platform for information exchange within rural communities, and improve the black-soil farmland ecological compensation policy.
邹玉友,李金秋,田国双. 社会资本对农户黑土地耕地保护意愿影响研究[J]. 农业现代化研究, 2021, 42(5): 860-868
ZOU Yu-you, LI Jin-qiu, TIAN Guo-shaung. The influences of social capital on farmers’ willingness to protect black-soil farmland[J]. Research of Agricultural Modernization, 2021, 42(5): 860-868