畜禽粪污治理政策演化研究
作者:
作者单位:

1.东北农业大学经济管理学院;2.黑龙江省绿色食品科学研究院

作者简介:

通讯作者:

基金项目:

国家自然科学基金项目(71673042, 71640017);黑龙江省哲学社会科学研究规划项目(18JYC257)


The policy evolution of livestock and poultry manure governance
Author:
Affiliation:

1.College of Economics and Management, Northeast Agricultural University;2.Heilongjiang Green Food Science Research Institute

Fund Project:

National Natural Science Foundation of China (71673042, 71640017); Philosophy and Social Science Research Program of Heilongjiang Province (18JYC257).

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    摘要:

    畜禽养殖规模不断扩大,畜禽养殖产生的粪污逐渐成为畜禽养殖产业不可忽视的部分,其带来的生态环境压力日益显现。基于制度变迁理论、外部性理论和可持续发展理论,系统分析中国畜禽粪污治理相关政策的演化过程,对中国畜禽粪污治理相关政策进行阶段划分,结合中国现行畜禽粪污治理政策,分析畜禽粪污治理政策演变的动因,探讨畜禽粪污治理政策实施中存在的问题。研究表明,改革开放40年以来的畜禽粪污治理政策可分为粪污治理空白阶段、分散型自发综合利用阶段、强制治理与意识形成阶段、技术规范与理念普及阶段、综合治污与资源化利用5个阶段。推动政策演化的主体逐渐从政府向社会公众转变,政策演化方式逐渐从强制性制度变迁向诱致性制度变迁转变,政策逐渐从笼统性、原则性向针对性、可操作性转变的特征。但是,政策系统性有待完善、治理主体间制衡关系较为复杂、政策执行与落实不到位、畜禽粪污治理市场体系尚未形成等问题依然存在。因此,从制度供给和制度需求两个角度提出完善政策系统性、明确利益制衡关系、加强政策落实和促进畜禽粪污治理市场体系形成等政策建议。

    Abstract:

    With the continuous expansion of the scale of livestock and poultry industry, the fecal pollution produced by livestock and poultry industry has gradually become an important part of it, and the ecological environment pressure has become increasingly apparent. Based on the institutional change theory, the externality theory, and the sustainable development theory, this paper systematically analyzed the evolution process of China’s livestock and poultry manure governance policies, studied the evolution stages of relevant policies, and discussed the influencing factors and challenges of livestock and poultry manure governance policies. This paper also provided some countermeasures and suggestions to promote the treatment of livestock and poultry manure. Results show that livestock and poultry manure treatment policies can be divided into five stages since the beginning of the reform and open policies 40 years ago, including blank stage, preparation stage, formation stage, reform and innovation stage, and new normal stage. Main policy evolution has gradually changed from the government to the public and from mandatory institutional change to induced institutional change. In addition, the efficient livestock and poultry manure governance policies have gradually replaced the inefficient policies. However, China’s livestock and poultry manure governance policies still need further reforms, including improving the institutional environment, balancing the relationship among different governing agencies, enhancing policy implementation measures, and perfecting the livestock and poultry manure treatment market system. In conclusion, from the perspectives of system supply and system demand, this paper provides the following suggestions: improving the institutional environment, clarifying the relationship among different interest groups, strengthening policy implementation measures, and promoting the formation of market system of livestock and poultry manure governance.

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  • 收稿日期:2020-11-30
  • 最后修改日期:2021-02-03
  • 录用日期:2021-02-03
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