School of Public Administration,Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University,Fuzhou
Fujian Soft Science Research Project (2018R0012)
农机外包服务是农业社会化服务体系的重要内容，事关农业机械化发展和小农户与现代农业的有机衔接。本文使用全国性大样本数据CLDS2016，应用Ordered Probit模型研究农地经营规模对农户农机服务外包的影响，并探讨地权稳定性在其中的调节效应。研究发现：虽然我国小农经济仍然较为普遍，但农机外包服务推广已取得一定成效，可以通过服务规模经营发展农业规模经营；农地经营规模与农户农机服务外包呈倒U形曲线关系，拐点为2.833 hm2，不同农地经营规模农户的农机服务外包行为具有差异性；地权稳定性中仅土地调整具有调节作用且为负向，相比有土地调整，没有土地调整（地权稳定）时农地规模与农机外包的曲线拐点左移2.011 hm2；地权稳定性中农地确权颁证使曲线拐点左移0.709 hm2，但调节效应不显著，原因可能是确权的政策效应具有滞后性。因此，发展农机外包服务市场需综合考虑区域差异性和农户农业生产的多样化需求，并提高农机外包的服务质量，规范市场运行，同时也需完善农地确权政策的配套制度并建立土地数据平台。
Outsourcing agricultural machinery services is an important part of the agricultural socialization service system, which is related to the development of agricultural mechanization and the organic connection between small farmers and modern agriculture. Based on the large national sample data CLDS2016, this paper studied the impact of farmland management scale on rural households’ outsourcing agricultural machinery services and explored the moderating effect of land ownership stability by the Ordered Probit model. Results show that: 1) small-scale rural economy is still relatively common, but the promotion of agricultural machinery outsourcing services has made some progress and agricultural scale operations can be increased through service scale operations; 2) there is an inverted U-shaped curve relationship between the scale of farmland management and farmer’s agricultural machinery service outsourcing, with an inflection point of 2.833 hm2. Farmers’ agricultural machinery service outsourcing behaviors of different farmland management scales are different; 3) farmland adjustment has a negative moderating effect and compared with farmland adjustment, when there is no farmland adjustment (land rights are stable), the inflection point of the curve between the scale of agricultural land and outsourcing agricultural machinery services is shifted to the left by 2.011 hm2; and 4) farmland title confirmation shifts the inflection point of the curve to the left by 0.709 hm2, but the adjustment effect is not significant. The reason might be that the policy effect of the confirmation of farmland ownership is lagging behind. Therefore, this paper suggests to comprehensively consider regional differences and the diverse needs of agricultural production when developing agricultural machinery outsourcing service market, to improve the service quality of agricultural machinery outsourcing, to standardize market operations, to improve the supporting system of farmland right confirmation policies, and to establish farmland data exchange platform.
皮婷婷,许佳贤,郑逸芳. 农地经营规模对农户农机服务外包的影响——基于地权稳定性的调节效应[J]. 农业现代化研究, 2021, 42(5): 850-859
PI Ting-ting, XU Jia-xian, ZHENG Yi-fang. The impact of farmland management scale on rural households’ outsourcing agricultural machinery services: Regulatory effect based on the stability of land ownership[J]. Research of Agricultural Modernization, 2021, 42(5): 850-859