乡村振兴背景下农业科技人才参与培训行为影响因素研究——以河南省为例
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常州大学商学院

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基金项目:

国家社会科学基金项目(17BTQ072)


The influencing factors for the participation behaviors of agricultural science and technology training under the background of rural revitalization: A case study of Henan Province
Author:
Affiliation:

School of Business, Changzhou University

Fund Project:

National Social Science Foundation of China (17BTQ072).

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    摘要:

    农业科技人才培训,不仅事关农业科技人才的职业发展,而且影响乡村振兴战略的顺利实施。基于计划行为理论,以河南省为例,利用农业科技人才调查数据,采用结构方程模型,分析农业科技人才参与培训意愿和行为,探讨其影响因素。结果表明,农业科技人才参与培训意愿和培训行为的积极性一般,其均值分别为3.20和3.08。农业科技人才参与培训意愿对参与培训行为有显著的正向影响;行为态度、主观规范和知觉行为控制对农业科技人才的参与培训意愿有显著的正向影响,其中行为态度对参与培训意愿的影响最大,其次是知觉行为控制,主观规范的影响最小;参与培训意愿在行为态度、主观规范和知觉行为控制对培训行为的影响中起中介作用。因此,建议政府从注重政策引导、营造培训氛围;关注培训需求、促进职业发展;加大经费投入、完善体制机制等方面提高农业科技人才的参与培训意愿,引导农业科技人才积极参与培训行为。

    Abstract:

    Agricultural science and technology training is not only related to the professional development of agricultural science and technology talents, but also affects the smooth implementation of the strategy of rural revitalization. Based on a survey data of 326 agricultural science and technology talents from Henan Province and applying the theory of planned behaviors, this paper analyzed the influencing factors for the participation behaviors of agricultural science and technology training by the structural equation model. Results show that the willingness and enthusiasm of agricultural science and technology talents to participate in training are not very high, and the average values are 3.20 and 3.08 respectively. The willingness of agricultural science and technology talents to participate in training has a significant positive impact on their participating behaviors. The attitudes toward the behaviors, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control have significant positive impacts on the willingness of agricultural science and technology talents to participate in training. Among them, the attitudes toward the behaviors has the most significant impact on their willingness to participate in training, followed by perceived behavioral control. And subjective norms have the least significant impact. Willingness to participate in training has an intermediary role in the influence of attitudes toward the behaviors, subjective norms and perceived behavioral control on training behaviors. Therefore, the government should pay attention to policy guidance, create a training atmosphere, pay attention to training needs, promote professional development, increase investment, improve the system and mechanism, improve the willingness of agricultural science and technology talents to participate in training, and guide agricultural science and technology talents to participate in training behavior actively.

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  • 收稿日期:2020-09-27
  • 最后修改日期:2021-01-18
  • 录用日期:2021-01-18
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