市场参与、非农就业与农户农业机械采用行为——基于西藏532户青稞种植户的调查
作者:
作者单位:

1. 贵州大学经济学院;2. 西藏农牧学院植物科学学院;3.贵州大学经济学院

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基金项目:

教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目(19YJA790059);西藏自治区哲学社会科学青年项目(20CGL04)


Market participation, off-farm employment and adoption behavior of agricultural machinery: A case study of 532 highland barley farmers in Tibet
Author:
Affiliation:

1. College of Economics, Guizhou University;2. Plant Sciences College, Tibet Agriculture &3.amp;4.Animal Husbandry University,;5.College of Economics, Guizhou University

Fund Project:

Foundation for Development of Humanities and Social Sciences of Ministry of Education of China (19YJA790059); Youth Projects of Philosophy and Social Science Foundation of Tibet (20CGL04).

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    摘要:

    农业机械化是传统农业向现代农业发展的主要动力,农户农业机械采用行为决定了农业机械化程度。基于收入效应和替代效应视角,利用欠发达地区青稞种植户调查数据,采用多元有序Probit模型,分析市场参与、非农就业与农户农业机械采用行为的关系,探讨农业机械采用行为的影响因素。结果表明,有32.89%青稞种植农户非机械化耕种,欠发达地区农户农业生产中农机采用不足。市场参与、非农就业显著正向影响农户农业机械采用行为,且非农就业在市场参与对农户农业机械采用行为的影响中有正向调节作用;提高农户市场参与能力及行为可以直接促进农户农机采用行为,也可以通过非农就业间接促进农户农机采用行为。因此,提出提高市场参与程度,促进农户非农就业,发展农村市场经济,完善农机服务市场,提升欠发达地区农业机械化水平的政策建议。

    Abstract:

    Agricultural mechanization is an important driving force for the transformation from traditional agriculture to modern agriculture, while farmers’ adoption behavior of agricultural machinery determines the level of agricultural mechanization. Based on the survey data of highland barley planting farmers in Tibet, this paper analyses the relationship among market participation, off-farm employment, and farmers’ adoption behavior of agricultural machinery from the perspective of income effect and substitution effect by a Multivariate Ordered Probit model. Results show that, 32.89% of highland barley planting farmers are non-mechanized, and agricultural machinery used by farmers in underdeveloped areas is insufficient. Market participation and off-farm employment have a significant positive influence on farmers’ adoption behavior of agricultural machinery, and off-farm employment has a positive moderating effect between market participation and adoption behavior of agricultural machinery. Improving farmers’ ability and behavior of market participation can directly affect farmers’ adoption behavior of agricultural machinery, and it can also indirectly affect farmers’ adoption behavior of agricultural machinery by off-farm employment. Therefore, this paper suggests to improve the degree of market participation, to promote the off-farm employment of farmers, to develop the rural market economy, to consummate the agricultural machinery service market, and to improve the level of agricultural mechanization in underdeveloped areas.

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  • 收稿日期:2020-09-11
  • 最后修改日期:2020-12-13
  • 录用日期:2020-12-14
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