虚拟社会网络、收入状况与农户环境治理支付意愿——基于闽豫川农户调研数据
作者:
作者单位:

1.福建农林大学公共管理学院;2.南京农业大学经济管理学院

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基金项目:

教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目(19YJC790063);中国人民大学中国扶贫研究院项目(CAPRI2019B08)


Analyzing the impacts of virtual social network and income on farmers’ willingness to pay for rural environmental governance based on a survey data in Fujian, Henan, and Sichuan
Author:
Affiliation:

1.College of Pubic Management, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University School;2.College of Economics and Management, Nanjing Agricultural University

Fund Project:

the Foundation for Young Scholars of Humanity and Social Sciences of the Ministry of Education of China (19YJC790063); Foundation for China Anti-poverty Research Institute, Renmin University of China (CAPRI2019B08).

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    摘要:

    在我国实施乡村振兴战略的背景下,探究农户环境治理支付意愿对建设生态宜居的农村环境具有重要意义。基于福建、河南和四川3省农户调研数据,采用两部模型,将环境治理支付意愿分为参与意愿和支付水平,分析虚拟社会网络和收入状况对农户环境治理支付意愿的影响,探讨虚拟社会网络和收入水平对农户环境治理支付意愿的交互效应。结果表明:60.98%的农户愿意为改善村庄环境支付费用,具有参与意愿的农户平均支付水平为429.08元。农户之间虚拟社会网络存量分布较不平均,有较多农户虚拟社会网络存量尚处于较低水平,农户之间收入水平存在较大差距。虚拟社会网络和收入水平均对农户环境治理支付意愿具有显著正向影响,且这种影响存在群体差异。农业收入越高的农户参与意愿越高。虚拟社会网络的拓展有利于缓解收入水平较低的农户在参与村庄环境治理时所面临的不利影响。因此,提出应推进农村地区互联网建设,改善农户用网环境;激发农村地区经济活力,改善农户收入状况。

    Abstract:

    In the context of China’s rural revitalization strategy, exploring the willingness of farmers to pay for environmental governance is of great significance to the construction of a pleasant living rural environment. Based on a survey data of 820 farmers in Fujian, Henan and Sichuan and applying a two-part model, this paper analyzed the impacts of virtual social network and income on farmers’ willingness to pay for rural environmental governance from the perspectives of both participation in payment and the amount of payment. Results show that 60.98% of famers are willing to pay for the improvement of rural environment, with the average willing payment of 429.08 yuan. The distribution of virtual social network stock among rural households is relatively uneven, and there are more rural households whose virtual social network stock is still low, and there is a large gap in income levels among rural households. Virtual social network and income have significant positive influences on farmers’ willingness to pay for rural environmental governance with heterogeneity among different income groups: farmers with higher agricultural income are more willing to participate. The expansion of the virtual social network is helpful to alleviate the adverse effects faced by farmers with low income when participating in village environmental governance. Therefore, this paper provides the following suggestions: 1) promoting Internet construction in rural areas to improve the network environment for farmers; and 2) to stimulate economic vitality in rural areas to improve the income of farmers.

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  • 收稿日期:2020-09-10
  • 最后修改日期:2020-12-17
  • 录用日期:2020-12-22
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