1.School of Humanities and Public Management, Jiangxi Agricultural University;2.School of Economics and Management, Jiangxi Agricultural University
National Natural Science Foundation of China (71573111); Key Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China (71333004); Policy Research Key Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China (71742003)
Grain security is an important foundation of national security. With the strengthening of the trend of farmers’ part-time employment, the rural labor force is constantly losing, and the production outsourcing service market is developing continuously. In this context, the influence of the farmers’ part-time employment and production outsourcing on the “grain-oriented planting structure” has attracted the attention of all sectors of the society. Based on a survey data of nine provinces in China, this paper investigates the logic and causal relationship among farmers’ part-time employment, production outsourcing and “grain-oriented planting structure” by constructing a mediating effect test model. Results show that: both farmers’ part-time employment and production outsourcing can induce farmers to grow grain crops, and farmers’ part-time employment can not only directly affect the adjustment of agricultural planting structure, but also partially and indirectly affect the “grain-oriented planting structure” through production outsourcing. In addition, gender, age, total household income, village topography and transportation facilities also have significant effects on the adjustment of grain planting structure. Therefore, in order to guide the “grain trend” of farmers’ planting structure and ensure national grain security, this paper suggests to reasonably guide the outflow of rural labor force to coordinate urban and rural development, to promote the development and improvement of agricultural production outsourcing market to improve the outsourcing service rate in the process of agricultural production, and to formulate reasonable price support policies to protect farmers’ enthusiasm for growing grains.
周利平,昝祺祺,翁贞林. 农户兼业、生产环节外包与农业种植结构“趋粮化”[J]. 农业现代化研究, 2021, 42(1): 78-84
ZHOU Li-ping, ZAN Qi-qi, WENG Zhen-lin. Farmers’ part-time employment, production outsourcing and grain-oriented planting structure[J]. Research of Agricultural Modernization, 2021, 42(1): 78-84