乡村人才振兴的现实困境与路径探索——以青岛市为例
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中国农业大学国家农业农村发展研究院,中国农业大学国家农业农村发展研究院,农业农村部农村经济研究中心

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基金项目:

中央农办农业农村部乡村振兴委员会软科学项目(201937); 国家自然科学基金项目(71803094)


The realistic dilemma and path exploration of the revitalization of rural talents: A case study of Qingdao
Author:
Affiliation:

National Agricultural and Rural Development Research Institute,China Agricultural University,National Agricultural and Rural Development Research Institute,Research Center for Rural Economy,Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs

Fund Project:

Soft Science Foundation of MARA (201937); National Natural Science Foundation of China (71803094).

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    摘要:

    人才振兴是实现乡村振兴的基础。为应对乡村人才短缺等现实困境,有效发挥人才在乡村振兴中的支撑作用,以青岛市乡村人才振兴的实践举措为例,分析总结鼓励吸引城市人才和培育造就乡土人才支撑乡村振兴两条路径。研究发现,面对农业农村人才总量不足、人才素质有待提升、农村对人才返乡缺乏吸引力、乡土人才培育模式有待优化等问题,青岛市从“引进来”“沉下去”和“留得住”三个方面利用城市智力破解人才总量和结构困局,构建城市人才下乡引力体系,稳固城市人才扎根农业农村;同时从发现乡土人才、培养乡土人才和扶持乡土人才等方面搭建体系完整的乡土人才培育网络。最终形成重点突出、覆盖全面、措施完善的鼓励吸引城市人才机制和双向融合、多元合力、强化激励的乡土人才培养机制,形成具有启示意义和值得推广学习的“青岛经验”。

    Abstract:

    The revitalization of rural talents is the foundation of rural revitalization. In order to deal with the shortage of rural talents, and make sure that rural talents can play the supporting role in rural revitalization, this paper, taking Qingdao City as an example, summarized and analyzed two ways to promote rural revitalization through rural talent revitalization, which include attracting urban talents and cultivating local talents. Results show that from the perspectives of the shortage of agricultural and rural talents, relative low quality level of talents, the lack of attraction of talents in rural areas, under-optimized rural talent cultivation mechanism, and some other problems, Qingdao City adopted the following measures: increasing the number of talents and improving the talent structure through bringing in, sinking and retaining urban talents in rural areas, constructing the attraction system of urban talents and trying to retain them. At the same time, Qingdao City has built a complete system of local talent cultivation network from the aspects of discovering local talents and training and supporting local talents. In conclusion, Qingdao City has set up a mechanism of encouraging and attracting urban talents with prominent focus, comprehensive coverage and perfect measures, and has set up a mechanism of the cultivation of local talent with integration, cooperation and incentives called “the Qingdao experience”, which is enlightening and worth spreading.

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曹丹丘,丁志超,高鸣. 乡村人才振兴的现实困境与路径探索——以青岛市为例[J]. 农业现代化研究, 2020, 41(2): 181-189
CAO Dan-qiu, DING zhi-chao, GAO Ming. The realistic dilemma and path exploration of the revitalization of rural talents: A case study of Qingdao[J]. Research of Agricultural Modernization, 2020, 41(2): 181-189

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  • 收稿日期:2019-12-29
  • 最后修改日期:2020-02-28
  • 录用日期:2020-02-28
  • 在线发布日期: 2020-04-09
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