College of Resources and Environment,Southwest University,College of Resources and Environment,Southwest University,College of Resources and Environment,Southwest University
National Natural Science Foundation of China (41571093)
Farmland circulation is an important way to optimize the allocation of farmland resources and to increase farmers’ income in mountainous areas. However, whether farmland circulation can improve the efficiency and equity of agricultural production in mountainous areas is still lack of households’ case studies. Based on a survey data of three typical mountainous districts and counties in Chongqing, this paper constructed an OLS regression model and analyzed the role of farmland circulation in promoting agricultural production efficiency and equity in mountainous areas. The duration of labor input into agricultural production and the average age of labor force were used as instrumental variables to control the endogeneity problem by the 2SLS model. Results show that under the current situation of farmland transfer in mountainous areas, there is a significant positive correlation between the net transfer-in land area and the agricultural production efficiency. However, there is a significant negative correlation between the net transfer-in land area and per capita cultivated land area. This indicates that farmland flows from families with sufficient per capital land to families with limited per capital land, and from the families with low agricultural production efficiency to the families with high agricultural production efficiency, leading to the increased efficiency and equity of land allocation in mountainous areas. At the same time, it is also found that the proportion of labor force, the number of livestock, and non-agricultural income have significant effects on the net transfer-in land area. Therefore this paper suggests to standardize the farmland circulation market in mountainous areas, to encourage skilled farmers to expand their operation scales, and to encourage non-agricultural transformation of some rural households.
贺新军,阎建忠,杨柳. 农地流转对山区农业生产效率与公平的影响——以重庆三个区县为例[J]. 农业现代化研究, 2019, 40(4): 591-600
HE Xin-jun, YAN Jian-zhong, YANG Liu. The influence of farmland circulation on the efficiency and equity of agricultural production in mountainous areas: A case study of three districts and counties in Chongqing[J]. Research of Agricultural Modernization, 2019, 40(4): 591-600