文章摘要
农地转出视阈下农户生计资本现状及影响因素分析——基于CFPS数据的微观实证
Empirical analysis of the current situation and the influencing factors of the rural households’ livelihood capital under the background of farmland transfer
投稿时间:2019-04-21  最后修改时间:2019-06-10
DOI:10.13872/j.1000-0275.2019.0049
中文关键词: 农户  农地转出  生计资本  影响因素  似不相关回归
英文关键词: rural household  farmland transfer  livelihood capital  influencing factors  seeming-unrelated regression
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目(17BJY112)
作者单位E-mail
赵立娟 内蒙古财经大学 金融学院 zhlj@imufe.edu.cn 
王苗苗 内蒙古财经大学 金融学院 zhaolijuannmg@126.com 
史俊宏 内蒙古财经大学 经济学院 shijunhongnmg@126.com 
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中文摘要:
      在新型城镇化背景下,探讨农地转出行为与农户生计资本之间的关系对于实现农户可持续生计具有重要意义。基于可持续生计分析框架,构建了土地转出视阈下农户生计资本测度的指标体系,利用CFPS的微观调查数据,运用统计分析和似不相关回归模型,分析农地转出户与非转出户的生计资本状况,探讨农户生计资本的影响因素。结果表明,两类家庭的生计资本水平总体均不太高,农地转出户的生计资本总值略小于农地非转出户。其中,农地转出户的金融资本、物质资本和人力资本水平明显高于农地非转出户,而自然资本、社会资本和心理资本存量均低于农地非转出户,特别是自然资本的差异比较明显。农地转出行为对农户的自然资本、社会资本和心理资本均造成了显著的负向影响,对农户的金融资本具有显著的正向作用。此外,农户的生计资本还受到家庭因素和社区因素等特征变量不同程度的影响。在此基础上,提出了改善非农就业机会、培育新型农业经营主体等强化农地转出户生计资本,促进其生计转型的对策建议。
英文摘要:
      Under the background of new urbanization, it is of great significance to explore the relationship between farmland transfer and the livelihood capital of rural households to achieve sustainable livelihood of farmers. Based on the micro-survey data of the CFPS and the framework of sustainable livelihood analysis, this paper constructed an index system to measure the livelihood capital of rural households from the perspective of farmland transfer and analyzed the livelihood capital of rural households with and without farmland transfer by the statistical analysis and the seemingly unrelated regression model. Furtherly, this paper also discussed the influencing factors of rural households’ livelihood capital. Results show that the level of livelihood capital of these two types of rural households is generally low, and the total value of the subsistence capital of those households with farmland transfer is slightly smaller than that of those households without farmland transfer. Among them, the levels of financial capital, physical capital and human capital of households with farmland transfer are significantly higher than those of the households without farmland transfer. While the levels of natural capital, social capital and psychological capital of those households with farmland transfer are lower than those of the households without farmland transfer, especially natural capital is significantly lower. Farmland transfer has a significant negative impact on households’ natural capital, social capital and psychological capital, and has a significant positive impact on financial capital. In addition, the livelihood capital of rural households is also affected by different factors, including family factors and community factors. Therefore, to strengthen the conversion of farmland to household’s livelihood capital and to promote the livelihood transformation, this paper suggests to increase more non-agricultural employment opportunities and to cultivate new agricultural management entities.
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