文章摘要
西部乡村基础教育设施“场势效应”评价与空间优化——以海东市蒲台乡为例
Spatial optimization of field intensity effect of rural basic education infrastructure in rural Western China: A case study of Putai Township, Haidong, Qinghai
投稿时间:2019-03-15  最后修改时间:2019-05-18
DOI:10.13872/j.1000-0275.2019.0042
中文关键词: 乡村基础教育设施  教育场势  最小阻力模型  空间布局  优化模式
英文关键词: rural basic education infrastructure  education field intensity  MCR (minimum cumulative resistance) model  spatial distribution  optimization mode
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41701127);江苏高校哲学社会科学研究基金项目(2018SJA0491);“十三五”江苏省城乡规划学重点建设学科项目
作者单位E-mail
戴军 金陵科技学院建筑工程学院 daijnj@jit.edu.cn 
苑惠丽 金陵科技学院建筑工程学院 yuanhl@jit.edu.cn 
马颖忆 金陵科技学院建筑工程学院 mayingyi@jit.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      乡村基础教育设施作为乡村地区基础保障性公共服务设施,其评价与布局优化对于实现乡村基础教育服务的共享性与公平性具有重要研究意义。基于场势理论,以青海省海东市乐都区浦台乡为研究区,建立了基础教育设施势能、地域和门槛3个分量指标评价体系,采用最小阻力模型和场势模型等方法,进行各分量指标的多空间阻力分析和“场势效应”的综合评价,探讨乡村基础教育设施布局的优化模式。结果表明,浦台乡村基础教育设施沿中部南北向县道两侧区域阻力较低,西北部和南部区域阻力较高。教育场势中势能分量差异最为明显,呈现出由中心村向四周腹地远郊村落逐步递减的趋势,中心村落势能分量与门槛分量空间分布特征基本一致,而近郊型乡村聚落地域分量和门槛分量则明显高于远郊型村落。通过对以上研究结果的整合,设计出保留完善型、迁移优化型和撤并取消型三类乡村基础教育设施空间布局优化模式,为西部乡村基础教育设施配套与空间优化实践提供技术支撑与方法指导。
英文摘要:
      Education infrastructure is critical public service facilities in rural areas. The evaluation of rural education infrastructure could have important implications for spatial optimization educational public service in countryside region. This paper built an index evaluation system for Putai Township, Haidong, Qinghai to explore optimized spatial distribution mode of rural education infrastructure using models of MCR and field intensity. This system is consisted of rural basic education infrastructure potential, district and service threshold. Results show that the resistance of rural education infrastructure in Putai Township was lower in the middle of the township, along the northern-southern county highway however the resistance was higher in northwestern and southern areas. There were significant differences in potential energy component in education field intensity, showing a form of gradual decline tendency from central villages to the peripheral villages. The properties of spatial distribution of central villages’ potential energy component were consistent with the same component of service threshold. However, the component of both district and service threshold showed higher values for suburban villages and lower values for peripheral villages. Correspondingly, this paper designs three optimized modes of spatial distribution of rural basic education infrastructure, namely reservation and improvement mode, migration and optimization mode, merging and revocation mode. These modes can facilitate allocation and spatial optimization of basic education infrastructure in western rural area.
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