文章摘要
社会资本对农户参与合作社决策行为的影响
The influence of social capital on farmers’ decision-making behaviors on participation in cooperatives
投稿时间:2018-11-30  最后修改时间:2019-02-11
DOI:10.13872/j.1000-0275.2019.0007
中文关键词: 决策行为  农户参与  社会资本  合作社  影响因素
英文关键词: behaviors in decision-making  farmers’ participation  social capital  cooperatives  influencing factors
基金项目:国家现代农业产业技术体系(燕麦荞麦)专项资金(CARS-07-F-1)
作者单位E-mail
周宇 西北农林科技大学 2366216272@qq.com 
赵敏娟 西北农林科技大学 minjuan.zhao@nwsuaf.edu.cn 
康健 西北农林科技大学 14327543@qq.com 
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中文摘要:
      参与合作社是农户克服生产分散、流通不畅和市场风险等问题的重要途径,也是农业实现产业升级和发展的主要内容,然而合作社在发展中普遍存在农户不愿参与和参与程度低的问题。基于社会资本对农户参与其他集体组织或集体行动的影响,将农户参与合作社的决策行为分为农户是否参与和农户参与程度两个决策阶段,利用甘肃省定西市284个农户的微观调查数据,采用二元Logit模型和有序Probit模型,实证分析了社会资本对农户是否参与合作社和参与合作社程度的影响。结果表明,63%的农户选择参与合作社,在参与合作社的农户中,平均参与程度不足50%。社会网络、社会参与和一般信任对农户参与合作社有正向影响,特殊信任对农户参与合作社有负向影响。在参与合作社的农户中,强关系网络和一般信任对农户参与程度有正向影响,特殊信任对农户参与程度有负向影响。此外,户主受教育程度和是否接受培训对农户参与合作社均有正向影响,种植面积对农户参与合作社和参与合作社程度有正向影响,户主年龄对农户参与合作社程度有负向影响。因此,提出提高农户各维度的社会资本,发展农村基础教育和组织相关教育培训活动,实施土地流转的政策建议。
英文摘要:
      Participation in cooperatives is an important way for farmers to overcome problems, such as decentralized production, poor circulation and market risks. It is also the main content of industrial upgrading and development in agriculture. However, during the development of cooperatives in China, there is a widespread problem of farmers’ reluctance and low participation rate. Based on the impact of social capital on farmers’ participation in other collective organizations or actions, the decision-making behaviors of farmers’ participation in cooperatives are divided into two stages: whether or not farmers participate in and the degree of participation. Applying a binary Logit model and an ordered Probit model, this paper analyzed the influence of social capital on whether farmers choose to participate in cooperatives and the degree of participation in cooperatives. Results show that 63% of farmers choose to participate in cooperatives and the average participation rate is less than 50%. Social network, social participation and general trust have positive impacts on farmers’ participation in cooperatives, and special trust has a negative impact on farmers’ participation in cooperatives. Among those farmers who participate in cooperatives, strong relationship network and general trust have a positive impact on the degree of participation, and special trust has a negative impact on the degree of participation. In addition, the educational level, training of the household head, and the planting area have positive impacts on the farmers’ choice to participate in cooperatives and the degree of participation. The age of household head has a negative impact on the farmers’ participation. Therefore, this paper suggests: to improve the social capital of rural households, to focus on the development of rural basic education, to organize relevant training activities, and to implement land transfer.
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