文章摘要
农业现代化与农业保险耦合协调发展研究——以新疆为例
The integrated and coordinated development of agricultural modernization and agricultural insurance: A case study of Xinjiang
投稿时间:2018-10-30  最后修改时间:2019-01-10
DOI:10.13872/j.1000-0275.2019.0004
中文关键词: 农业现代化  农业保险  耦合协调度  熵值法  新疆
英文关键词: agricultural modernization  agricultural insurance  integrated coordination degree  entropy method  Xinjiang
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目“新形势下新疆棉区农业社会化服务体系的创新与扶持政策研究”(71463058)
作者单位E-mail
黄静 新疆农业大学经济与贸易学院 1614273654@qq.com 
余国新 新疆农业大学经济与贸易学院 ygx@xjau.edu.cn;1564175264@qq.com 
胡殿毅 新疆农业大学经济与贸易学院 991258792@qq.com 
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中文摘要:
      为丰富和完善新疆农业现代化和农业保险政策体系,加快农业现代化的进程,同步推进农业保险的发展具有重要意义。基于农业现代化规划和农业保险政策支持,构建新疆农业现代化和农业保险综合发展水平评价指标体系,利用熵值法和耦合协调度模型,分析新疆农业现代化和农业保险发展特征,探讨其协调发展关系。结果表明,2001—2016年新疆农业现代化和农业保险综合发展水平均有提升,但农业保险发展水平大部分时间滞后于农业现代化发展水平且波动相对较大;耦合度维持在0.4~0.5之间,波动幅度较小;协调度由2001年的0.337 1上升至2016年的0.667 8,改善明显,耦合协调等级经历轻度失调、濒临失调、勉强协调和初级协调共4个发展阶段,整体协调程度依然较低,离优质协调还有很大差距。因此,为进一步促进新疆农业现代化和农业保险协调发展,提出利用绿色理念和先进技术指导农业现代化可持续发展;政府、企业和农户形成合力,改善农险市场发展现状,增加农险有效需求;重视相关政策的配套,实现新疆农业现代化和农业保险的协调推进等政策建议。
英文摘要:
      To enrich and improve agricultural modernization and agricultural insurance policy system in Xinjiang, accelerating the process of agricultural modernization and promoting the development of agricultural insurance simultaneously are of great significance. Based on the agricultural modernization plan and the support of agricultural insurance policy, this paper constructed an evaluation index system of Xinjiang agricultural modernization and agricultural insurance comprehensive development level by the entropy method and the integrated coordination degree model to analyze the characteristics of agricultural modernization and agricultural insurance development in Xinjiang and to examine the relationship between them. Results show that from 2001 to 2016, the level of agricultural modernization and agricultural insurance development in Xinjiang has been improved, but the level of agricultural insurance development lagged behind the development level of agricultural modernization and the gap was relatively large. The integration degree was maintained between 0.4 and 0.5, and the gap was small. The degree of coordination increased from 0.337 1 in 2001 to 0.667 8 in 2016, and the improvement was obvious. The integrated coordination level experienced four stages: mild imbalance, near-disorder, uncoordinated coordination, and primary coordination. The overall coordination level was still low, and there was still a big gap from quality coordination. Therefore, to further promote the coordinated development of agricultural modernization and agricultural insurance in Xinjiang, this paper provide the following policy recommendations: 1) adopting the “green” concepts to advance technology and to guide the sustainable development of Xinjiang’s agricultural modernization; 2) the government, enterprises, and farmers should work together to improve the development of agricultural insurance market and to increase the effective demand for agricultural insurance; and 3) integrating relevant policy packages together to achieve agricultural modernization and coordinated promotion of agricultural insurance.
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