文章摘要
社会信任、群体规范对农户生态自觉性的影响
The impacts of social trust and group norms on farmers’ ecological consciousness
投稿时间:2018-10-26  最后修改时间:2018-12-26
DOI:10.13872/j.1000-0275.2019.0001
中文关键词: 社会信任  群体规范  农户生产行为  生态自觉性  代际差异
英文关键词: social trust  group norms  farmers’ production behavior  ecological consciousness  intergenerational differences
基金项目:国家自然科学基金青年项目(71703051);国家自然科学基金重点项目(71333006);教育部哲学社会科学重大攻关项目(15JZD014)
作者单位E-mail
王学婷 华中农业大学经济管理学院 wangxtwork@163.com 
张俊飚 华中农业大学经济管理学院 zhangjb513@126.com 
何可 华中农业大学经济管理学院 hk@mail.hzau.edu.cn 
童庆蒙 华中农业大学经济管理学院 kenshin_tqm@qq.com 
摘要点击次数: 631
全文下载次数: 350
中文摘要:
      农户的生态自觉性对农村生态环境状况好坏产生直接影响,探讨并引导农户在农业生产中形成生态自觉性对破解农村环境治理难题意义重大。本文基于1 093份农户微观调查数据,运用结构方程模型(SEM),分析社会信任、群体规范对农户生态自觉性的影响。结果表明,在农业生产中,农户虽具有一定的生态价值认知和生态环保意识,但其生态行为采纳较为欠缺,生态自觉性整体较弱;社会信任、群体规范均对农户生态自觉性具有显著促进作用,其中,在信任和规范的集群中,来自于特殊信任的影响大于一般信任,非正式规范的影响大于正式规范,且群体规范在社会信任对农户生态自觉性的影响中发挥中介作用;社会信任、群体规范对不同代际农民生态自觉性的影响存在差异,表现为社会信任和非正式规范对老一代农民的生态自觉性影响更大,而正式规范则对新生代农民的生态自觉性影响更大。据此,应构建高度信任的社区环境,提高村庄各主体间信任水平,并在发挥正式规范对农户行为约束的基础上,也要充分重视以声誉机制为基础的非正式规范在推动农户生态自觉性培养中的重要作用。
英文摘要:
      Farmers’ ecological consciousness has a direct impact on rural ecological environment. It is of great significance to solve the problem of rural environmental governance to explore and guide farmers to form ecological consciousness in agricultural production. Based on a micro survey data of 1 093 farmers, this paper adopted a structural equation model (SEM) to analyze the influences of social trust and group norms on farmers’ ecological consciousness. Results indicate that in agricultural production, although farmers have a certain awareness of ecological value and environmental protection, their adoption behaviors of ecological protection are rather deficient and their ecological consciousness is weak in general. Social trust and group norms have significant roles in promoting farmers’ ecological consciousness. Within the trust and normative group, the influence from special trust is greater than that of general trust, the influence of informal norms is greater than that of formal norms, and group norms play a mediating role in the influence of social trust on farmers’ ecological consciousness. In addition, social trust and group norms have different effects on the ecological consciousness of different generations of farmers: social trust and informal norms have greater impacts on the ecological consciousness of the old generation and the formal norms have a greater impact on the ecological consciousness of the new generation. Therefore, to promote the cultivation of farmers’ ecological consciousness, this paper suggests to build a highly trusted community environment, to improve the level of trust among the main bodies of the village, and to utilize the important role of informal norms on the basis of establishing a reputation mechanism.
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭