文章摘要
供给侧背景下推进特色农业转型发展的思考——以蜂产业为例
Transformation and development of characteristic agriculture under the background of supply-side reform: A case study of bee industry
投稿时间:2018-09-29  最后修改时间:2018-12-03
DOI:10.13872/j.1000-0275.2018.0097
中文关键词: 蜂产业  特色农业  产业升级  新产业新业态  供给侧
英文关键词: bee industry  characteristic agriculture  industrial upgrading  new industry and new format  supply-side reform
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(71673195);现代农业产业技术体系项目(CARS-44-KXJ18);四川省社会科学规划重大项目(SC17ZD06)
作者单位E-mail
张柳 四川农业大学 zhangliuleo@sina.com 
孙战利 德国莱布尼茨转型经济农业发展研究所 sun@iamo.de 
张社梅 四川农业大学四川省农村发展研究中心 zhangshemei@163.com 
摘要点击次数: 879
全文下载次数: 451
中文摘要:
      供给侧改革推进背景下,研究特色农业产业结构优化和转型发展问题对于整体上提升农业的供给质量、效益和竞争力具有重要的理论和现实意义。以蜂产业为例,基于供给侧表征与影响因素互动这样一个内在逻辑,构建我国蜂产业供给侧改革的分析框架,结合连续7年蜂农固定观察点数据,从产量变动趋势、产业结构、生产效率和生产效益4个方面分析我国蜂产业现状,探讨蜂产业发展所面临的问题。结果表明,总量上蜂蜜产量增长速度远高于蜂群数量增长,说明单群生产能力在提高;产业结构上,中蜂数量及中蜂蜜占比近年来提高较快,产品结构仍以原料型蜂蜜、蜂王浆等产品为主,消费结构上以内销为主,出口逐年扩大;效益和效率指标显示除了单群生产率提高外,资金生产率变化微弱,劳动生产率甚至出现下降,养蜂净利润在波动中略有上升;产业发展中的要素供给失衡、生产经营分散、市场需求提升、政策支持不足4大约束明显。因此,提出我国蜂产业的转型升级需要从提升产品质量,形成产业集群;吸引年轻人才,提高从业人员水平;加强利益联结,创新经营机制;结合市场需求,培育新产业新业态4个维度推进。
英文摘要:
      Under the background of supply-side reform, it is of great theoretical and practical significance to study the optimization and transformation of agricultural industry structure with characteristics to improve the quality, efficiency and competitiveness of agricultural supply. Based on the internal logic of supply-side and the interactions among the influencing factors and the data from the fixed observation stations of bee farmers for seven consecutive years, this paper constructed an analysis framework of supply-side reform of bee industry in China and analyzed current situations of China’s bee industry from four aspects: output trends, industrial structure, production efficiency, and production profitability. Results show that the growth rate of honey production is much higher than that of bee colonies, which indicates that the honey yield of the single colony is increasing. In terms of the industry structure, the colonies and the honey proportion of Apis cerana have increased rapidly in recent years and the raw honey and royal jelly dominate bee products. Domestic sales is the main distribution channel, the export increases year by year. Profitability and efficiency indicators show that beside the improvement of single colony productivity, the net profit of beekeeping increased slightly in fluctuation, while capital productivity did not change much and the labor productivity even declined. The four major constraints for the development of bee industry include: unbalanced factor supply, decentralized production and operation, increased market demand, and insufficient policy support. Based on the above research, to promote the transformation and to upgrade China’s bee industry, this paper provides the following suggestions: improving product quality to form industrial clusters, attracting young talents to improve the level of staff, strengthening the interests binding to bring forth the new management mechanism, and combining the market demands to develop new formats and new industries.
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭