文章摘要
基于超效率DEA方法的中国粮食生产效率评价分析
Evaluation and analysis of China’s grain production efficiency: Based on the super efficiency DEA model
投稿时间:2018-09-25  最后修改时间:2019-02-02
DOI:10.13872/j.1000-0275.2019.0035
中文关键词: 粮食  粮食生产效率  超效率DEA  投影分析
英文关键词: grain  grain production efficiency  the super-efficiency DEA model  projection analysis
基金项目:国家软科学研究计划重大合作项目(2014GXS2D016);文化名家暨“四个一批”人才工程项目“农民合作社、农地流转与农业现代化研究”
作者单位E-mail
谭忠昕 东北农业大学经济管理学院 867073019@qq.com 
郭翔宇 东北农业大学 guoxy@neau.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      2004—2015年我国粮食实现了十二连增,但粮食产量持续增长的同时粮食生产效率并未呈现显著正向增长,反而出现了较大波动。2016年我国粮食产量有所减少,但粮食生产效率反而有所提高。本文利用超效率DEA模型对我国三大区域和31个省级行政区的粮食生产效率进行测度,发现我国粮食生产存在效率较低、生产要素投入冗余或不足、粮食生产要素配置未能达到最优配置等问题。超效率DEA投影结果显示,我国粮食生产投入要素中粮食作物播种面积投入严重不足,耕地红线问题需要被高度关注。保障我国粮食产业可持续发展和粮食安全需要,完善粮食主产区利益补偿机制和“粮食主产区-粮食主销区-粮食平衡区”横向协调机制;除经济直补外适当考虑对自然环境资源的协调和补偿,探讨实施粮食虚拟水战略;提高劳动力素质,以实现对农业劳动力不足的补充和农业现代化程度的提升;优化粮食生产要素配置,促进粮食产业与二三产业的融合发展。
英文摘要:
      China’s grain production has increased drastically from 2004 to 2015. However, the grain production efficiency has not shown any significant improvement during the period. Despite of this, in 2016, China’s grain production decreased, but the production efficiency increased. Based on the production data of 31 provincial administrative regions in China and applying the super-efficiency DEA model, this paper evaluated the grain production efficiency and analyzed the problems of grain production in China. Results show that main problems in grain production in China include low efficiency, insufficient production inputs, and inefficient allocation of scarce resources in grain production. Results of the super-efficiency DEA model show that farmland for grain crops is extremely limited and great attention should be paid to bring new land under the cultivation for grains. To ensure the sustainable development of China’s grain industry and food security, this paper suggests: to improve the compensation mechanism for main grain producing areas, to improve the horizontal coordination mechanism in major grain producing areas, major grain consumption areas, and grain self-sufficient areas, to integrate compensation for crop production and natural environmental resources protection together, to explore better water management practice, to strengthen the quality of labor force, to improve the degree of agricultural modernization and optimum allocation of scarce resources in grain production, and to promote the integration of grain industry with secondary and tertiary industries.
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